Sunday, July 29, 2018

The Geledi Confederacy of 16 Clans Attempt to Destroy The Bimaal Dir .

The powerful Bimaal even though surrounded by powerful none Dir forces they always maintained their independency and preserved their identity unlike some other Dir groups who  succumbed to their enemies. Only the Surre Dir clan can rival the Bimaal in terms of survival and tenacity to resist all obstacles.
1750 The Geledi Sultanate, later know as Afgoy, emerges in Ay Ulay in the Southern Shabelle Valley.
1819 Sh. Ibrahim Hassan Yeberow establishes a reformed Jama’a in Bardheere in Upper Jubba region.

 1843 Yusuf Mahamud, Sultan of Geledi, Captures and burns Bardera. The expedition is a counteroffensive to the political and economic impact of the reforming Jama’a. Secondly the Geledi vow to destroy the Bimaal for once and for all and mobilizes the Geledi confederacy containing over 16 clans.

1848 The sultan of Geledi, Yusuf Mahamud, is killed at Adaddey Suleyman, a village near Marka, in a battle between the Bimaal and Geledi confederacy of 16 clans deep in Bimaal territory.

1878 Second Sultan Ahmed Yusuf is killed at Agaaran, near Marka, by the Bimaal. The Geledi army retreats.
(Source ) Historical Dictionary of Somalia By Mohamed Haji Mukhtar

Sultanate of the Geledi

The Sultanate of the Geledi (Somali: Saldanadda Geledi, Arabic: سلطنة غلدي‎) was a Somali kingdom that ruled parts of the Horn of Africa during the late-17th century and 19th century. The Sultanate was governed by the Gobroon Dynasty. It was established by the Geledi soldier Ibrahim Adeer, who had defeated various vassals of the Ajuran Sultanate and founded the House of Gobroon. The dynasty reached its apex under the successive reigns of Sultan Yusuf Mahamud Ibrahim, who successfully consolidated Geledi power during the Bardera wars in 1843,[1] and Sultan Ahmed Yusuf, who forced regional powers such as the Omani Empire to submit tribute. The sultanate was eventually incorporated into Italian Somaliland in 1908, and ended with the death of Osman Ahmed in 1910.[2]


At the end of the 17th century, the Ajuran Sultanate was on its decline, and various vassals were now breaking free or being absorbed by new Somali powers. One of these powers was the Silcis Sultanate, which began consolidating its rule over the Afgooye region. Ibrahim Adeer led the revolt against the Silcis ruler Umar Abrone and his oppressive daughter, Princess Fay.[3] After his victory over the Silcis, Ibrahim then proclaimed himself Sultan and subsequently started the Gobroon Dynasty.


Geledi Sultanate was a Rahanweyn Kingdom ruled by the noble Geledi clan which controlled the entire Jubba River and extending parts of Shebelle River and dominating the East African trade. The Geledi Sultanate had enough power to force the southern Arabians to pay tribute to the noble Geledi Rulers like Ahmed Yusuf (Gobroon).[4]


The Geledi army numbered 20,000 men in times of peace, and could be raised to 50,000 troops in times of war.[5] The supreme commanders of the army were the Sultan and his brother, who in turn had Malaakhs and Garads under them. The military was supplied with rifles and cannons by Somali traders of the coastal regions that controlled the East African arms trade.


 Somali Sultanate: The Geledi City-state Over 150 Years

The Ten Subclans of Degodi are: Tobanka Jilib ee Digoodi

The Degodia clan is made up of 10 sub-clans1 which are present both in Kenya and Ethiopia but with traditional leadership structured and bases in Ethiopia Filtu area. In Mandera County they are predominantly found in Banissa District in Guba and Malkamari division, and in Mandera North in Rhamu,Rhamu Dimtu, Olla and Ashabito division.

The general migration is ideally within Wajir East, Wajir West and some few sections of wajir North in Wajir county; Mandera North and Banisa district in Mandera county in Kenya and Dolo Ado and Filtu Woredas in Ethiopia.

The Ten Subclans of Degodi are:

Jibrail, Fai, Dumal, Masara, Radayi, Abrisha, Idiris, Walajela, Rermohamud and Abadwada


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