Sunday, September 5, 2010

SOMALI DIR CLAN ELDERS LIST AND SETTELMENTS

DEEGANADA BEESHA MADALUUG

the mandallug themselves among raxanweyn eelay, and the shabeelle upstream Qallaafo, near doolow has bardheere and Jamaame, Nuur in the valley of al shabeelle west of Qallafo, The Makahiil near Kismayo, and The xeeble Angolle has the west of the Beled Weyne, a Bufow the east of the vast loop of shabeelle near xamaro xaddaad and reer majumo among eelay of baydhowa.

Madallug would also create a dir The main clans, the Gadabuursi, a term that etymologies are popular derivative Gudo,
Mandaluug Shabeele - Jubba
les mandallug proprement dits parmi les raxanweyn eelay, ainsi que sur le shabeelle en amont de Qallaafo, pres de doolow, a bardheere et a jamaama, les Nuure dans la vallee du shabeelle a l ouest de Qallafo, Les Makahiil pres de Kismaayo, Les xeeble et les Angolle a l'ouest de de Beled Weyne, les Bufow a l'est de la grande boucle du shabeelle pres de xamaro xaddaad, et les reer majumo parmi les eelay de baydhowa.
Madallug aurait egalement engendre l'un des princpaux clans dir, celui des Gadabuursi, terme que les etymologies populaires font derive de gudo,
Kelafo area

Baar Bajiimal
Ba’ad Bajiimal

Gumare Da'are-Niman Moyko (Dir-Bajimal+Gasar)
2)Shabelle Niman-Gobyal Dhurdhere Bajimal (Dir)
3)Qodi Budul-Burdhinle Mustahil (Dir)
4)Iimey Dubo -Dir or Hawiya/Rer Ammaadin (Ogaden) and Galameys
5)Iimey district is jointly controlled by the Duba , Dir and Rer Ammadin of the Ogaden.

The Dir of Ethiopia


The Dir in Ethiopia are represented by the Issas, Gurgure, Guure, Quranyo Maxamed, Akisho, Gadabuursi, Gadsan, Gariir, Fiqi Muhumand, Qubeys, Layiile, Mandaluulg, Baajimaal, and Wardaai. The majority live in the Dira Dhabe area, Jijiga region, and by the Awash River.

The rest of the Ethiopian Dir clans live in southern parts near the Somali border near Dollo Ado and as far as Guure Dhamoole and Negele. The clans of the Dagoodi, Ajuuran, Jiido, Gabra, and Garre are all associated with the four Dir ancestral progenitors. The Dir occupy vast territories stretching from Baale (Nagelle), Baabule, Fayaanbiiro, Qabri-Bayah, Fiq, Hara-Maaya, Harar, and Dadar.

The Dir are well represented in the 10 major states of the Somali Region in Ethiopia

1Gobolka Shiniile
2. Gobolka Jig-jiga
3. Gobolka Jarareed
4. Gobolka Nogbeed
5. Gobolka Qoraxay
6. Gobolka Doollo
7. Gobolka Shabeele
8. Gobolka Liibaan
9. Gobolka Afdheer
10. Gobolka Jigjiga

1 Awbare (Gedabursi)
2 Dhagaxle(Dir)
3 Gursum(Dir)
4 Jigjiga
5 Qabri Bayax
6 Wajaale(Habar Awal)
7 Xarshin(Habar Awal+Arab)
8Gobolka Shiniile

1 Diridhabo(Dir Ciise, Gurgure +Oromo)

2 Shiiniile(Dir , Oromo)

3 Ayshica(Dir, Oromo)

4 Danbal(Dir, Oromo)

5 Erar (Dir Gurgure, Oromo)

6 Afdam(Dir, Oromo)

7 Ma,ayso(Dir,Oromo)

8Gobolka Dhagaxbuur 4 districts
• 1 Awaare(Ciidagale)
• 2 Dhagaxbuur(Dir-Gaadsan, Sheekhaal , Ogaaden)
• 3 Dhagaxmadow(Ogaadeen)
• 4 Gaashaamo(Dir Habar Yoonis)
• Gobolka Wardheer
1)Gumare Da'are-Niman Moyko (Dir-Bajimal+Gasar)
2)Shabelle Niman-Gobyal Dhurdhere Bajimal (Dir)
3)Qodi Budul-Burdhinle Mustahil (Dir)
4)Iimey Dubo -Dir or Hawiya/Rer Ammaadin (Ogaden) and Galameys
5)Iimey district is jointly controlled by the Duba , Dir and Rer Ammadin of the Ogaden.
Gadsan Dir
In Ethiopia, Gaadsan clan reside in three districts : the Liban district (Jarrati, Waladaya, Doolow and Guuredhamole), Godey district (Iimey and Boola), and Gashamo district (Nusdariiq, Marsin, Kabtinuur and Qabridhare).

Xildhibaanada Beesha Direed ee ku sugan Magaalada Baydhabo oo Bayaan adag soo saarey.
Shir socdey saacado badan oo lagu qabtey Hoteel Bakiin ee magaalada baydhabo, ayna isugu yimaadeen Xildhibaanada Beesha Direen isla markaana looga hadlaayey xaalada guud ee dalka gaar ahaan dhinaca aawood qaybsiga siyaasadeed ee DFKMG, maamulka, adkeynta Hay’adaha Qaranka, ku dhaqanka Axdiga iyo Sharciga, ayaa shirkaan si wada jira ah uga wada qaybgaleen wakiilada Beelaha Isaaq, Biimaal, Madaluug, Awsiciid iyo Baajimaal waxaana gudnaanadkiisa laga soo saarey qodobadan.

1-in Beesha Direed dhinaca looga riixey ka qaybgelinta wadatashiga sare ee lagu go’aaminayo jaangooyada wada dhiska awoodaha Dowladda xag siyaaso, maamul iyo Amniba, taasoo soo jiitameysay Sedaxdii sano ee la soo dhaafey dibna loogu dulqaadan Karin.

2-In ay jiraan xadgudubyo bareer ah oo Beesha Direed uga imaanaya hogaanka sare ee Dowladda oo lagu dhaawacayo karaamadooda, laguna duudsiinayo kaalintii kaga aadaneyd Qaran dhiska Soomaaliyeed, loona gacan dhaafayo had iyo jeer xulka iyo magacaabista xubnihii uga qaybgelilahaa awoodaga sare ee Dowladda.

3-In lays dhex jiirsiiyey Awoodihii Dowlanimo ee Axdigu qorey, dhabahana loo xaarayo wiiqida kala soocnaanta Awoodaha Hay’adaha Dowlanimo ee Qaranka si talada meel ugu uruurto oo mabda’ii isu dheelitirka Awoodaha loo buriyo.

4-In ay tahay arin fool xumo ku ah qaranimada Soomaaliya iyo sharafta Dowladnimo in ilaa iyo hada Gudoomiyihii maxkamada sare uu sharcidaro u xiran yahay, taasoo loo aaneyn karo kali ah asbaabo ismaandhaaf siyaasadeed ku lug leh.

5-In la sii la ciifinaayo Midnimada iyo wadajirka shacabka Soomaaliyeed, dibna loogu tumanaayo is aaminkii Qaran ee ka dhashay shirkii dibuheshiisiinta ee lagu soo dhisay Hay’adaha Federaaliga ee Dowladda,
sibabahaas oo idil aawgood Xildhibaanada Beelaha kor ku xusan, waxay hoosta ka xariiqayaan in loo baahan yahay wadahadalo adag oo lagu saxaayo dhaliilahaan oo wadanka u horseedaya bur bur iyo is aamin daro ayaa lagu yiri bayaankan ay soo saareen Xildhibaanad Beesha Direed eek u kulmay Hoteel Bakiin ee Magaalada Baydhabo.

hase ahaatee arimahaan dhacaaya ayaa waxay ka mid yihiin caqabada horyaala Xukuumada cusub ee Ra’iisul Wasaare Col/ Nuur Cade ee aan wali helin kalsoonida Baarlamaanka, islamarkaana laga cabsi qabo in ay dhicisoowdo, inkastoo hadal haynteeda ay ku badan tahay in xubin kasta oo Wasiiradda ka tirsan Baarlamaanka mid mid looga weydiindoono kalsooni, balse ma cada in ay dhaceyso iyo in kale arintaas, laakiin la ogaandoonee Todobaadyada soo socda, halka ay ku biyo shubtaan hadaladaan is burinaaya.
Maxamed Macallin Cismaan(All-man) Somalitalk Baydhabo.
fatxumaalik@hotmail.com

Posted: Tue Aug 21, 2007 9:20 pm Post subject: LIISKA ERGEDA BEESHA DIREED EE SHIRKA DIB U HESHIISIINTA

________________________________________
Suldan Mohamed Bule Jirow Dir Warday
Omar Bulale Ahmed Dir Warday
Sheikh Haji nasir Dir Warday
Hassan Gedi Rable Dir Warday
Name Clan Sub Clan
Suldan Isma'il Dirad Ali Dir Reer-Aw-Sa'id
Abdurahman Sheikh Hassan Dir Reer-Aw-Sa'id
Mohamed Mursal Dhi'is Dir Reer-Aw-Sa'id
Ibrahim Kusow Ise Dir Reer-Aw-Sa'id

Name Clan Sub Clan

Suldan Hassan Dhi'is Dir Madaluug
Mohamed Sheikh Hussein Dir Madaluug
Abdi Yare Jama Dir Madaluug
Rage Hashi Kalif Dir Madaluug
Name Clan Sub Clan
Ugas Abdihakim Ugas Mohamed Dir Baajamaal
Ali Muhumed Abdi Dir Baajamaal
Yusuf Abdi Mullah Dir Baajamaal
Diriye Mohamud Abdi Dir Baajamaal
Name Clan Sub Clan
Abdalla Mohamed Ali Dir Biimaal
Sheikh Gedow Ahmed Mohamed Dir Biimaal
Nur Ali Hussein Dir Biimaal
Sheikh Muhidin Sheikh Ali Mumin Dir Biimaal
Abdirahman Hussein Mohamed (Qaxoti) Dir Biimaal
Abdi Afeyle Sumow Dir Biimaal
Hamido Sid Ali Hussein Dir Biimaal
Mohamud Mohamed Hussein Dir Biimaal
Abdullahi Ali Mohamed Dir Biimaal
Muneso Ahmed Nur Dir Biimaal
Ahmed Mohamed Barre Dir Biimaal
Ibrahim Mohamed Barow Dir Biimaal
Mohamud Sid Awkar Dir Biimaal
Amina Sheikh Osman Mohamed Dir Biimaal
Hassan Mohamed Sheikh Dir Biimaal
Nur Hassan Ali Dir Biimaal
Muhidin Mohamed Haji Dir Biimaal
Omar Abshir Omar Dir Biimaal
Adani Ahmed Diqow Dir Biimaal
Ya'quub Abdi Ya'quub Dir Biimaal
Mohamud Ali Hamunle Dir Biimaal
Ugas Farah Abdi Sheikh Dir Biimaal
Abdiwali Sheikh Abdurahman Mubarak Dir Biimaal
Adan Moallim Abdi Dir Biimaal
Ahmed Ileye Ali Dir Biimaal
Sheikh Mohamud Nur Isse Dir Biimaal
Abal Mohamed Sheikh Dir Biimaal
Muslimo Barqadle Dir Biimaal
Ali Abdalla Olow Dir Biimaal
Guled Takhal Dir Biimaal
Name Clan Sub Clan
Mohamed Sheikh Mumin Sheikh Hassn Dir Sure-Qubeys
Ibrahim Haji Omar Dir Sure-Qubeys
Dr.Osman Hassan Dirshe Dir Sure-Qubeys
Drs.Fadumo Hassan Osoble Dir Sure-Qubeys
Eng.Abdirashid Ahmed Isak Dir Sure-Qubeys
Mohamed Ahmed Osman (Dholey) Dir Sure-Qubeys
Nur Isse Adam Dir Sure-Qubeys
Mohamud Gedi Burgal Dir Sure-Qubeys
Hussein Gedi Jimale Dir Sure-Qubeys
Name Clan Sub Clan
Ugas Mohamed Ugas Adan Haji Hussein Dir Sure-Abdalle
Col.Osman Ahmed Gedi (Bale Tag) Dir Sure-Abdalle
Dr.Abdiwali Adan Abdi Dir Sure-Abdalle
Ibrahim Sheikh Adan (Indhagaduud) Dir Sure-Abdalle
Haji Ahmed Hassan Adan (Dhagaweyne) Dir Sure-Abdalle
Sheikh Ahmed Sheikh Muhumed (A/Noc) Dir Sure-Abdalle
Ali Dhuh Mohamud Dir Sure-Abdalle
Drs.Istarlin Ahmed Sahal Dir Sure-Abdalle
Mohamed Said Mohamed Dir Sure-Abdalle
Hassan Nur Dhegod Dir Sure-Abdalle
Maryam Jama Hirsi (Nero) Dir Sure-Abdalle
Mohamud Adan Elmi (Odawa) Dir Sure-Abdalle
Sheikh Khalif Abdi Dirshe Dir Sure-Abdalle
Mohamud Warsame Farah Dir Sure-Abdalle
Mohamed Hassan Ali Dir Sure-Abdalle
Suldan Abdinur Amed Shiekh Muse Dir Sure-Abdalle
Name Clan Sub Clan
Ugas Sheikh Hassan Jama Dir Gadabuursi
Mohamed Ali Mohamud Dir Gadabuursi
Ali Obsiye Badaar Dir Gadabuursi
Mohamed ali Dhiirrane Dir Gadabuursi
Abiib Sh.Mohamed Mohamud Dir Gadabuursi
Abdullahi Kibar Farah Dir Gadabuursi
Ibrahim Xussein Muse Dir Gadabuursi
Ahmed Kaahin Barre Dir Gadabuursi
Ibrahim Abdi Tukaale Dir Gadabuursi
Diriye Awale Hande Dir Gadabuursi
Farah Kulmiye Hami Dir Gadabuursi
Suleyman Omar (Ali Haydh) Dir Gadabuursi
Ibrahim Abdi Tukaale Dir Gadabuursi
Mohamed Idhamod Igal Dir Gadabuursi
Hussein Kamil Abise Dir Gadabuursi
Daud Omar Guled Dir Gadabuursi
Said Hassan Gedi Dir Gadabuursi
Abdulkadir Mohamed Hadi Dir Gadabuursi
Mohamed Muse Amir Dir Gadabuursi
Mohamed Abdullahi Arab Dir Gadabuursi
Mohamed Elmi Mihile Dir Gadabuursi
Idiris Hadi Qalinle Dir Gadabuursi
Barkhad Awale Adam Dir Gadabuursi
Mohamed Osman Jabril Dir Gadabuursi
Osman Hassan Roble Dir Gadabuursi
Abdullahi Abdi Adan Dir Gadabuursi
Yusuf Adan Abtidon Dir Gadabuursi
Sheikh Osman Hashi Fure Dir Gadabuursi
Sheikh Yusuf Ibrahim Obsiye Dir Gadabuursi
Sheikh Ibrahim Hussein Abulle Dir Gadabuursi
Sheikh Adan Abdullahi Ali Dir Gadabuursi
Hibo Haji Ibrahim Buni Dir Gadabuursi
Bureqo Mohamed Hadi Dir Gadabuursi
Asha Mohamed Omar Dir Gadabuursi
Abshiro Ahmed Moallim Dir Gadabuursi
Maryan Yusuf Kibar Dir Gadabuursi
Name Clan Sub Clan
Al-Haaji Hirsi Haji Gaboobe Dir Ciise
Aqil Ahmed Diiriye Ige Dir Ciise
Mohamed yusuf Ahmed Dir Ciise
Abdirisak Yasin Hassan Dir Ciise
Bashir Abdullahi Diriye Dir Ciise
Idiris Haji Jama Dir Ciise
Mohamed Ahmed Wabari Dir Ciise
Mohamed Idle Dir Ciise
Abduwahab Dahir Burale Dir Ciise
Dr. Muse Sheikh Abdi Dir Ciise
Sheikh Bule Elmi Wabari Dir Ciise
Sheikh Ahmed Diriye Dir Ciise
Sheikh Osman Abdi Dharar Dir Ciise
Sheikh Ali Ige Bile Dir Ciise
Sheikh Hamud Duale Dir Ciise
Amino Muse Hadi Dir Ciise
Mulki Diriye Diheye Dir Ciise
Shamso Dahir Farah Dir Ciise
Amino Adan Aynan Dir Ciise
Sahro Yonis Sa'ad Dir Ciise
Habiibo Ateye Giire Dir Ciise
Sargalo Mohamud Dir Ciise
Gele Rirash Abdi Dir Ciise
Abdirisak Sheikh Abdi Dir Ciise
Macaad Nur Igal Dir Ciise
Qalinle Burale Muse Dir Ciise
Faysal Hussein Dir Ciise
Abdi Duran Aqan Dir Ciise
Omar Ali Wa'ays Dir Ciise
Sakariya Ali Molid Dir Ciise
Yusuf Abdow Ali Abiikar Dir Ciise
Name Clan Sub Clan
Mohamud Mohamed Ali Dir Isak-Ciida-Gale
Hassan Badmaax Meegaag Dir Isak-Ciida-Gale
Jama ali matan Dir Isak-Ciida-Gale
omar ali moulid Dir Isak-Ciida-Gale
Soleman Hussein Muse Dir Isak-Ciida-Gale
Mohamud Ahmed Duale Dir Isak-Ciida-Gale
Ahmed Ali Hsaan Dir Isak-Ciida-Gale
Dahir Mohamed Abdullahi Dir Isak-Ciida-Gale
Ali Mohamed Hashi Dir Isak-Ciida-Gale
Mohamed Buhi Dhegoole Dir Isak-Ciida-Gale
Abdullahi Hassan Mohamed Dir Isak-Ciida-Gale
Abdiweli Abdullahi Mohamud Dir Isak-Ciida-Gale
Qowdan Abdullahi Mohamud Dir Isak-Ciida-Gale
Suudi Elmi Hireey Dir Isak-Ciida-Gale
Sahra Ahmed Kariye Dir Isak-Ciida-Gale
Asha Ali Mahdi Dir Isak-Ciida-Gale
Name Clan Sub Clan
Omar Ali Hassan Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Ismail Ahmed Cige Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Hassan Arabala Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Abdullahi Dahir Abdi Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Abbas |Mohamud Mumin Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Sheikh Said Abdalla Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Bashir Mohamed Abdirahman Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Ahmed Abdikarim Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Hariir Adan Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Ahmed Ali Nur Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Abdullahi Ali Said Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Farah Jama Farah Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Abdirizak Mohamed Hersi Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Ismail Cadantegey Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Mohamed Abdullahi Abbas Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Ali Abdi Ahmed Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Said Abyan Hayd Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Mohamed Hersi Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Ahmed Abdirahman Mohamed Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Hassan Sheikh Ibrahil Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Yahya Ahmed Reygal Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Hawo Musse Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Safiya Hassan Qalinle Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Sahra Kahin Abdi Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Amina Osman Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Nimo Ali Hassan Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Said Yusuf Dir Issak-Habar-Yonis
Musse Ali Elmi Dir Issak-Arab
Khadar Iman Adan Dir Issak-Arab
Omar Ali Arale Dir Issak-Arab
Ahmed Iman Adan Dir Issak-Arab
Elmi Warsame Mohamed Dir Issak-Arab
Abdullahi Nur Mohamed Dir Issak-Arab
Mohamed Hassan Abdullahi Dir Issak-Arab
Amina Awil Ali Dir Issak-Arab
Yurub Raabi Osman Dir Issak-Arab
Ebado Mohamud Diriye Dir Issak-Arab
Ahmed Mohamed Guled Dir Issak-Arab
Ahmed Elmi Warsame Dir Issak-Arab
Hussein Ali Adan Dir Issak-Arab
Mohamed Ali Adan Dir Issak-Arab
Awil Ali Mahaad Dir Issak-Arab
Nimo Karrani Dir Issak-Arab
Ahmed Mohamed Omar DirIssak-Ayub
Ahmed Bajir Ahmed Dir Issak-Imran
Mohamud Abi Warsame DirIssak-Imran
Adan Ismail Roble Dir Issak-Sanbuur
Said Adan Mire Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Abdi Haji Mohamed Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Abdirizak Hussein Hassan DirIssak-Habar Je'lo
Yusuf Botan Duale Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Abdullahi Hayir Duale Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Adan Jama Duale Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Farah Subie Mohamed Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Mohamed Ismail Gedi Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Egeh Waeys Roble Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Amina Omar Jama Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Faduma Ali Abdi Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Nuro Mohamud Mohamed DirIssak-Habar Je'lo
Istar Duale Warsame Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Haweya Sahal Gedi Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Jibril Aydid Mohamed Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Abdi Osman Awale Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Ali Osman Hassan Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Abdi Saleban Biyole Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Mohamud Adan Dirir Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Hussein Ahmed Hassan DirIssak-Habar Je'lo
Warsame Jama Isse Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Ali Hassan Jama Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Ali Saleban Duale Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Abdi Ahmed Garyare Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Salah Nur Ismail Badbado Dir Issak-Habar Je'lo
Omar Haji Awad Qurshe Dir Issak
Ahmed Yusuf Shide Dir Issak
Farah Ali Shide Dir Issak
Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed Dir Issak
Mohamed Yasin Awale Dir Issak
Said Mohamed Abdullahi Dir Issak
Mohamed Ahmed Ismail Dir Issak
Hassan Ahmed Ali Dir Issak
Ahmed Ismail Osman Dir Issak
Ahmed Mohamed Adan Dir Issak
Sheikh Said Mahaad Abdalla Dir Issak
Maryan Dirir Dir Issak
Sahra Ismail Adan Dir Issak
Fowzia Hassan Dir Issak
Sahra Mohamed Farah Dir Issak
Rowda Abdullahi Diriye Dir Issak
Kaltun Ismail Adan Dir Issak
Kowsar Osman Dir Issak
Mohamed Ahmed Gaheyr Dir Issak
Omar Mohamed Abdi Dir Issak
Abdullahi Ismail Mohamed Dir Issak
Deeq Abdi Hashi Dir Issak
Said Jabril Ali Nur Dir Issak
http://www.cowslafil.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=633 - 34k

Tirada loo qeybsaday wasaaradaha oo lagu saleeyey 4.5-ka
Beelaha D/M Hawiye Darood Dir B/shanad
Wasiiro 7 7 7 7 3
W/kuxigeen 7 7 7 7 3
W/Dowlo 2 3 2 2 2


Wasiirada

1. Xil. Ismaciil Maxamuud Hure
(Dir/Isaaq/ Garxajir) Wasaaradda Waxbarashada

2. Xil. Ceydiid Cabdulaahi Ilka Xanaf(Dir/Isaq/Garxajis)
RWX ahna Wasaaradda Dastuurka iyo Arrimaha Federaalka


3. Xil. Xusseen Ceelaabe Faahiye
(Dir/Godebiirsi)
Wasaaradda Qorsheynta
4. Drs. Qamar Aadan Ali
(Dir/ Surre)
Wasaaradda Caafimaadka
Xil. Ismaaciil Axmed Nuur
(Dir/Gaadsan)
Wasaaradda Gaashaandhigga
Xil. Cabdi Xaashi Cabdullaahi
(Dir/Isaaq H/awal)
Wasaaradda Degaanka iyo Bey'adda
Xil. Maxamed Cabdulaahi Kaamil (Dir/Ciise)
Wasaaradda Warshadaha
Xil. Cali Maxamuud Cabdi (Langare) (Dir/Isaaq/Habar Jeclo)
Wasaaradda Dib U Dhiska iyo Dib U Dejinta


Xil. Cabdikariin Cige Guuleed (Dir/Godebiirsi)
Wasaaradda Maaliyadda


Wasiir Ku-xigeenada


1. Xil. Axmed Ciise Cawale Yare (Dir/Isaaq Habar Awal)
Wasaaradda Dhallinyarada & Isboortiga

2. Xil. Maxamed Ismaciil Bulbul (Dir/Isaaq Tol Jecel)
Wasaaradda Shaqada iyo Shaqaalaha


3. Xil. Caasha Cabdullahi Ciise (Dir/Biyamaal)
Wasaaradda Haweenka & Horumarinta Qoyska

4. Xil. Cabdirahman Ismail Dirir (Dir/Godebiirsi)
Wasaaradda Boostada iyo Isgaarsiinta


5. Xil. Maxamed Cabdi Cawad (Dir/Isaaq Arab)
Wasaaradda Dib U Dhiska iyo Dib u Dejinta

6. Xil.Maxamed Cali Daheeye (Dir/ Ciise)
Wasaaradda Dalxiiska iyo Duur Joogta


7. Xil. Xassan Buraale Maxamed (Dir/Madaluug)
Wasaaradda Garsoorka


Maxaad ka taqaan Beelaha ay ka kala soo jeedaan
Xubnihii Golaha Wasiirada Cusub ee uu ku dhawaaqay Col. Nuur Cadde
Wasiirada: DM DAROOD HAWIYE DIR B-5aad
1-Xil. Saalim Caliyow Ibrow Ra'iisul wasaare Kuxigeen ahna Wasaarada Hidaha & Tacliinta Sare (Digil/ Jiido) 1
2-Xil. Ceydiid Cabdulaahi Ilka Xanaf Ra'iisul wasaare Kuxigeenka Ahna Wasaaradda Dastuurka.(Dir/Isaaq Garxajis) 1
3-Xil. Maxamed Cali Xirsi Ra'iisul Wasaare Kuxigeen ahna Wasaaradda Howlaha Guud & Gur.(Hawiye, H/gidir Sacad) 1
4-Xil. Cali Maxamed Maxamuud Xareed Wasaaradda Dalxiiska (Beesha Carab Maxamuud Saalax) 1
5-Xil. Khadiija Maxamed Diiriye Wasaaradda Haweenka (Beesha 5aad/ Yaxar) 1
6-Mr. Cabdiraxman Cabdi Xuseen Wasaaradda Warfaafinta (Beesha 5aad Reer Aw Xasan) 1
7-Xil. Ismaciil Maxamuud Hure Wasaaradda Waxbarashada (Dir/Isaaq Garxajir) 1
8-Xil. Xusseen Ceelaabe Faahiye Wasaaradda Qorsheynta (Dir/Godebiirsi) 1
9-Xil . Drs. Qamar Aadan Ali Wasaaradda Caafimaadka (Dir/ Surre) 1
10-Xil. Ismaaciil Axmed Nuur Wasaaradda Gaashaandhigga (Dir/Gaadsan) 1
11-Xil. Cabdi Xaashi Cabdullaahi Wasaaradda Degaanka iyo Bey’adda (Dir/Isaaq H/awal) 1
12-Xil. Maxamed Cabdulaahi Kaamil Wasaaradda Warshadaha (Dir/Ciise) 1
13-Xil. Xassan Maxamed Nuur Wasaaradda Amniga Qaranka (Mirifle/ Xariin) 1
14-Xil. Maxamed Nuuraani Bakar Wasaaradda Macdanta iyo Biyaha (Digil/Tuni 1
15-Xil. Ibrahim Isaq Yarow Wasaaradda Arrimaha Diinta iyo Awqaafta (Mirifle/Garwaale) 1
16-Mr. Maxamed Cali Xaamud Wasaaradda Arrimaha Dibedda & Iskaashiga Caalamiga (Mirifle/Jilible) 1
17-Xil. Maxamed Ibraahim Xaabsade Wasaaradda Gaadiidka Cirka iyo Dhulka (Mirifle/ Leysaan) 1
18-Xil. Madoobe Nuunow M. Wasaaradda Dhallinyada & Isboortiga (Digil/ Dabare) 1
19-Xil. Cabdi Mohamed Tarah Wasaaradda Boostada & Isgaarsiinta (Daarood/Ogaadeen) 1
20-Xil. Cali Jaamac Jengeli W/ Was. Xanaanada Xoolaha Dhirta iyo Daaqa (Daarood/Dhulbahante) 1
21-Xil. Cali Ismaaciil Cabdi Giir Wasiirka, Was.Gadiidka Badda & Dekedaha ( Daarood/Leelkase 1
22-Xil. Cabdiraxmaan Jaamac Abdalla W/ Kaluumeysiga iyo Kheyraadka Badda (Daarood/ Warsangeli) 1
23-Xil. Maxamed Yusuf Weyrax Wasiirka Wasaaradda Maaliyadda (Daarood/Majeerteen) 1
24-Xil. Cabdullaahi Yusuf Maxamed W/ Wasaaradda Batroolka iyo Tamarta (Daarood/Awrtable) 1
25-Xil. Cabdirisaaq Isaaq Biixi W/ Wasaaradda DibU dhiska iyo Dib U Dejinta (Daarood/Mareexaan) 1
26-Xil. Maxamed Maxamuud Guuleed Wasaaradda Arrimaha gudaha (Hawiye, H/gidir/ Saleebaan) 1
27-Xil. Abdulaahi Axmed Afrax Wasaaradda Ganacsiga (Hawiye. Mudullood/ Waceysle) 1
28-Xil. Xassan Dhimbil Warsame Wasaaradda Garsoorka iyo Cadaaladda (Hawiye, H/gidir/Cayr) 1
29-Xil. Cabdulqaadir Nuur Caraale Wasaaradda Beeraha (Hawiye/ Murusade) 1
30-Xil. Cali Cabdulaahi Cosoble Wasaaradda Dib U heshiisiinta (Hawiye/Xawaadle) 1
31-Xil. Muuse Nuur Amiin Wasaaradda Shaqada iyo Shaqaalaha. (Hawiye/Gaaljecel, Barsane) 1
TIRADDA AY BEEL WALBA HESHEY 7 7 7 7 3
Wasiir Ku-xigeenada:
DM DAROOD HAWIYE DIR B-5aad
1. Xil. Fahma Axmed Nuur Wasaaradda Arrimaha Gudaha (Beesha 5aad/ Reer Xamar) 1
2. Xil. Xassan Ibrahim Maxamed Wasaaradda Hiddaha iyo Tacliinta Sare (Beeshan 5aad/ Ajuuraan) 1
3. Sh. Jamac Xaaji Xuseen Wasaaradda Diinta iyo Awqaafta (Beesha 5aad/ Jareer Weyne) 1
4. Xil. Axmed Ciise Cawale Yare Wasaaradda Dhallinyarada & Isboortiga (Dir/Isaaq H/Awal) 1
5. Xil. Maxamed Ismaciil Bulbul Wasaaradda Shaqada iyo Shaqaalaha (Dir/Isaaq Tol Jecel) 1
6. Xil. Caasha Cabdullahi Ciise Wasaaradda Haweenka & Horumarinta Qoyska (Dir/Biyamaal) 1
7. Xil. Cabdirahman Ismail Dirir Wasaaradda Boostada iyo Isgaarsiinta (Dir/IGodebiirsi) 1
8. Xil. Maxamed Cabdi Cawad Wasaaradda Dib U Dhiska iyo Dib u Dejinta (Dir/Isaaq Arab) 1
9. Xil.Maxamed Cali Daheeye Wasaaradda Dalxiiska iyo Duur Joogta (Dir/ Ciise) 1
10. Xil. Xassan Buraale Maxamed Wasaaradda Garsoorka (Dir/Madaluug) 1
11. Xil. Sharif Cali Maxamed Abukar Wasaaradda Warshadaha (Mirifle/ Asharaaf) 1
12. Xil. Cabdi Kaafi Xassan Wasaaradda Ganacsiga (Digil/Garre) 1
13. Xil. Cabdi Xaaji Yariis Wasaaradda Dastuurka iyo Federaalka (Mirifle/ Eelaay) 1
14. Xil. Khaliif Sheekh Cabdullahi Wasaaradda Beeraha (Mirifle/ Boqol Hore) 1
15. Xil. Maxamud Cabdi Xasan (Bekos) Wasaaradda Batroolka iyo Tamarta (Mirifle/ Hubeer) 1
16. Xil. Amiin Axmed Sheekh Wasaaradda Maaliyadda (Mirifle/ Gasargude) 1
17. Xil. Cali Maxamed Nuur Wasaaradda Degaanka (Mirifle/ 5ta Caleemood) 1
18. Xil. Xassan Cabdi Guure Wasaaradda Dib U heshiisiinta (Daarood/ogaadeen) 1
19. Xil. Cabdullahi Axmed Cabdille Wasaaradda Gaadiidka Cirka iyo Dhulka (Daarood/Leelkase) 1
20. Xil. Cabdirahman Sh. Ismaaciil Wasaaradda Macdanta iyo Biyaha (Daarood/Dhulbahante) 1
21. Xil. Maxamud Axmed Kulalihi Wasaaradda Arrimaha Dibedda & Iskaashiga Caalamiga (Daarood/ Majeerteen) 1
22. Ms. Jamila Siciid Muuse Wasaaradda Qorshaynta (Daarood/Majeerteen) 1
23. Xil. Maxamed Maxamud Indhageel Wasaaradda Howlaha Guud iyo Guriyeynta (Daarood/Mareexaan) 1
24. Xil. Cabdulaahi Bile Nuur Wasaaradda Waxbarashada (Daarood.Majeerteen) 1
25. Xil. Ciise Weheliye Maalin Wasaaradda Caafimaadka (Hawiye/Murusade) 1
26. Xil. Salaad Cali Jeelle Wasaaradda Gaashaandhigga (Hawiye/ Mudullood, Harti Abgaal) 1
27. Xil. Cumar Adan Xassan Wasaaradda Xanaanada Xoolaha (Hawiye/ Gaaljecel/Dirsame) 1
28. Xil. Maxamed Sh. Isaaq Abaadir Wasaaradda Gadiidka Badda iyo Dekedaha (Hawiye/Gugundhabe, Jajeele) 1
29. Xil. Xirsi Adan Rooble Afrax Wasaaradda Warfaafinta (Hawiye/ H/gidir, Saruur) 1
30. Xil. Maxamed Xassan Ibraahim (Qoone) Wasaaradda Kaluumaysiga iyo Kheyraadka Badda (Hawiye/Xawaadle) 1
31. Xil. Bashir Maxamed Aden Wasaaradda Amniga Qaranka.(Hawiye/Sheekhaal) 1
TIRADDA AY BEEL WALBA HESHEY 7 7 7 7 3
Wasiiru- Dawlayaasha:
DM DAROOD HAWIYE DIR B-5aad
1-Xil. Sh. Aden Sh. Maxamed Deer Wasaaradda Dib U heshiisiinta (Mirifle/Luwaay) 1
2-Xil. Cali Maxamuud Cabdi (Langare) Wasaaradda Dib U Dhiska iyo Dib U Dejinta (Dir/Habar Jeclo) 1
3-Xil. Maxamed Maxamud Xeyd Wasaaradda Gaashaandhigga (Beesha 5aad/ Muuse Dheri) 1
4-Xil. Barre Ugaas Wasaaradda Warfaafinta (Daarood/ Ogaadeen) 1
5-Xil. Maxamed Axmed Kulan Wasaaradda Beeraha (Daarood/Majeerteen) 1
6-Xil. Ibrahim Maxamud Isaaq Wasaaradda Qorsheynta (Mirifle/Macalin Weyne) 1
7-Xil. Axmed Cumar Gaagaale Wasaaradda Boostada & Isgaarsiinta (Hawiye/ Gudundhabe Baadi Cadde) 1
8-Xil. Saalax Ismaaciil Sakaawe Wasaaradda Kaluumeysiga iyo Kheyraadka Badda (Beesha 5aad/ Reer Xamar) 1
9-Xil. Maxamed Xuseen Caddow Wasaaradda Arrimaha Dibedda (Hawiye/Mudullood Ujeejeen) 1
10-Xil. Bootaan Ciise Caalin Wasaaradda Gaadiidka Cirka & Dhulka (Hawiye/Duduble) 1
11-Xil. Cabdikariin Cige Guuleed Wasaaradda Maaliyadda (Dir/Godebiirsi) 1
TIRADDA AY BEEL WALBA HESHEY 2 2 3 2 2
MAXAMED XAAJI CALI “Qaybsigii Carta ma xal bay ahayd mise xaq bay ahayd”
Maxamed Xaaji Cali oo ka mid ah waxgaradka Soomaaliyeed ayaa tilmaan ka bixiyay qaabkii ay qabaa’ilada Soomaaliyeed wax ugu soo qaybsadeen degmadii Carta isagoo xusay in halkaasi ay isugu tageen qabaa’ilo Soomaaliyeed oo ay haysay baahi dowladeed, waxbadan oo qabaa’iladaas ka mid ahna ay tanaasul u sameeyeen sidii loo heli lahaa dowlad Soomaaliyeed.
“Qaybsigii Carta ma ahayn xaq ee wuxuu ahaa xal” ayuu yiri Maxamed Xaaji oo tusaale u soo qaatay beelaha direed oo hadda ka mid ah beelaha muranka xooga leh ka taagan yahay qaybsiga xubnaha baarlamaanka.
“Waxaan aad ula yaabay markii dirtii loo kala saaray Dir-koofureed, Isaaq, Gadabiirsi, iyo Ciise, sidaasna wax loogu qaybshay” ayuu yiri Maxamed Xaaji oo sheegay inaysan jirin wax la yiraahdo Dir-koofureed sida aysan u jirin Dir-waqooyi balse ay jiraan qabaa’illo wadaaga magaca Direed, sida loo xusayba Isaaq, Gadabiirsi iyo Ciise ayaa Dirta kalena ay kala yihiin Biyamaal, Surre, Wardaay, Madaluug, Awsaciid iyo Baajamaal, cadaalad darradii Carta ayay ka mid ahayd in 6-qabiil inta la isku qabto hal magac oo la abuuray la siiyo iyadoo Dirtii waqooyina ay sadex qabiil wax ku qaateen.
Maxamed Xaaji wuxuu xusay in isaga aragtidiisa in guud ahaan beesha Isaaq ayba tahay qabiilka ugu weyn beelaha Direed, qabiilka soo xigana uu yahay Biyamaal oo isaga kaligiis u kala baxa afar qabiil iyo adeerkood degana dhul aad u balaaran oo min Afgooye ilaa Kismaayo dhinaca kalena Bay iyo Bakool daadsan.
Maxamed Xaaji wuxuu ugu dambayntii tilmaamay aragtidiisa ku aadan xal u helida murunka dhex yaala beelaha direed isagoo yiri “Haddii laygala tashan lahaa qaybsiga 61-ka xubnood ee beelaha direed waxaan u qaybin lahaa sidatan: Isaaq 23-xubnood, Biyamaal 15-xubnood, Surre 9-xubnood, Gadabiirsi 6-xubnood, Ciise 3 xubnood, Wardaay 2-xubnood, Madaluug xubin, Baajamaal xubin, iyo aw saciid xubin.
Maxamed Xaaji wuxuu ugu dambayntii u soo jeediyay beelaha direed in iyaga dhexdooda looga baahan yahay in ay is qadariyaan oo midba midda kale waxa ay mudan tahay
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http://www.somalitalk.com/2004/july/23july14.html


Golaha Wasiirada uu ku dhawaaqay Nuur Cade iyo beelaha ay ka soo jeedaan. { 03 Dec 2007}
Xil. Fahma Axmed Nuur
W/Ku. Wasaaradda Arrimaha Gudaha
{Beesha 5-aad reer xamar}


Xil. Xassan Ibrahim Maxamed
W/ku. Wasaaradda Hiddaha iyo Tacliinta Sare
{Beesha 5-aad Ajuuraan}


Sh. Jamac Xaaji Xuseen
W/Ku. Wasaaradda Diinta iyo Awqaafta
{Beesha 5-aad Jareer/weyne}


Xil. Axmed Ciise Cawale
W/Ku. Wasaaradda Dhallinyarada & Isboortiga
{Dir/Isaaq H/Awal}



Xil. Maxamed Ismaciil Bulbul
W/Ku. Wasaaradda Shaqada iyo Shaqaalaha
{Dir/Isaaq Tol jecel}


Xil. Caasha Cabdullahi Ciise
W/ku. Wasaaradda Haweenka & Horumarinta Qoyska
{Dir/Beejamaal}


Xil. Cabdirahman Ismaaciil Dirir
W/ku. Wasaaradda Boostada iyo Isgaarsiinta
{Dir/Godabiirsey}


Xil. Maxamed Cabdi Cawad
W/ku. Wasaaradda Dib U Dhiska iyo Dib u Dejinta
{Dir/Isaaq/Arab}


Xil.Maxamed Cali Daheeye
W/ku. Wasaaradda Dalxiiska iyo Duur Joogta
{Dir/Ciise}


Xil. Xassan Buraale Maxamed
W/ku. Wasaaradda Garsoorka
{Dir/Madaluug}


Xil. Sharif Cali Maxamed Abukar
W/ku. Wasaaradda Warshadaha
{Mrifle {Asharaaf}


Xil. Cabdi Kaafi M. Xassan
W/ku. Wasaaradda Ganacsiga
{Digil/ Garre}


Xil. Cabdi Xaaji Yariis
W/ku. Wasaaradda Dastuurka iyo Federaalka
{Mirifle/Eelaay}


Xil. Khaliif Sheekh Cabdullahi
W/ku. Wasaaradda Beeraha
{Mirifle/ Boqol hore}


Xil. Maxamud Cabdi Xasan
W/ku. Wasaaradda Batroolka iyo Tamarta
{Mirifle/ Hubeer}


Xil. Amiin Axmed Sheekh
W/ku. Wasaaradda Maaliyadda
{Mirifle/ Gasargude}


Xil. Cali Maxamed Nuur
W/ku. Wasaaradda Degaanka
{Digil/ 5/ta Caleemood}


Xil. Xassan Cabdi Guure X. jabhad
W/ku. Wasaaradda Dib U heshiisiinta
{Daarood/Ogaadeen}


Xil. Cabdullahi Axmed Cabdille
W/ku. Wasaaradda Gaadiidka Cirka iyo Dhulka
{Daarood/Leelkassi}


Xil. Cabdirahman Sh. Ismaaciil
W/ku. Wasaaradda Macdanta iyo Biyaha
{Daarood/Dhulbahante}


Xil. Maxamud Axmed Kulalihi
W/ku. Wasaaradda Arrimaha Dibadda & Iskaashiga Caalamiga
{Daarood/Majeerteen}


Ms. Jamiila Siciid Muuse
W/ku. Wasaaradda Qorshaynta
{Daarood/Majeerteen}


Xil. Maxamed Maxamud Indhageelle
W/ku. Wasaaradda Howlaha Guud iyo Guriyeynta
{Daarood/Mareexaan}


Xil. Cabdulaahi Bile Nuur
W/ku. Wasaaradda Waxbarashada
{Daarood/Majeerteen}


Xil. Ciise Weheliye Maalin
W/ku. Wasaaradda Caafimaadka
{Hawiye/Murusade}


Xil. Salaad Cali Jeelle
W/ku xigeenka . Wasaaradda Gaashaandhigga
{Hawiye Mudulood/Abgaal}


Xil. Cumar Adan Xassan C.Dheere
W/ku. Wasaaradda Xanaanada Xoolaha
{Hawiye/ Gaaljecel/ Dirisame}


Xil. Maxamed Sh. Isaaq Abaadir
W/ku. Wasaaradda Gadiidka Badda iyo Dekedaha
{Hawiye/G.dhabe/Jajeele}


Xil. Xirsi Adan Rooble Afrax
W/ku. Wasaaradda Warfaafinta
{Hawiye/H/gidir/ Saruur}


Xil. Maxamed Xassan Ibraahim
W/ku.Wasaaradda Kaluumaysiga iyo Kheyraadka Badda
{Hawiye/Xawaadle}


Xil. Bashir Maxamed Aden
W/ku. Wasaaradda Amniga Qaranka
{Hawiye/Sheekhaal}.


Xildhibaan Cabdullaahi sh.Ismaaciil
Xildhibaanada Beesha Direed ee ku sugan Magaalada Baydhabo oo Bayaan adag soo saarey.
Shir socdey saacado badan oo lagu qabtey Hoteel Bakiin ee magaalada baydhabo, ayna isugu yimaadeen Xildhibaanada Beesha Direen isla markaana looga hadlaayey xaalada guud ee dalka gaar ahaan dhinaca aawood qaybsiga siyaasadeed ee DFKMG, maamulka, adkeynta Hay’adaha Qaranka, ku dhaqanka Axdiga iyo Sharciga, ayaa shirkaan si wada jira ah uga wada qaybgaleen wakiilada Beelaha Isaaq, Biimaal, Madaluug, Awsiciid iyo Baajimaal waxaana gudnaanadkiisa laga soo saarey qodobadan.

1-in Beesha Direed dhinaca looga riixey ka qaybgelinta wadatashiga sare ee lagu go’aaminayo jaangooyada wada dhiska awoodaha Dowladda xag siyaaso, maamul iyo Amniba, taasoo soo jiitameysay Sedaxdii sano ee la soo dhaafey dibna loogu dulqaadan Karin.

2-In ay jiraan xadgudubyo bareer ah oo Beesha Direed uga imaanaya hogaanka sare ee Dowladda oo lagu dhaawacayo karaamadooda, laguna duudsiinayo kaalintii kaga aadaneyd Qaran dhiska Soomaaliyeed, loona gacan dhaafayo had iyo jeer xulka iyo magacaabista xubnihii uga qaybgelilahaa awoodaga sare ee Dowladda.

3-In lays dhex jiirsiiyey Awoodihii Dowlanimo ee Axdigu qorey, dhabahana loo xaarayo wiiqida kala soocnaanta Awoodaha Hay’adaha Dowlanimo ee Qaranka si talada meel ugu uruurto oo mabda’ii isu dheelitirka Awoodaha loo buriyo.

4-In ay tahay arin fool xumo ku ah qaranimada Soomaaliya iyo sharafta Dowladnimo in ilaa iyo hada Gudoomiyihii maxkamada sare uu sharcidaro u xiran yahay, taasoo loo aaneyn karo kali ah asbaabo ismaandhaaf siyaasadeed ku lug leh.

5-In la sii la ciifinaayo Midnimada iyo wadajirka shacabka Soomaaliyeed, dibna loogu tumanaayo is aaminkii Qaran ee ka dhashay shirkii dibuheshiisiinta ee lagu soo dhisay Hay’adaha Federaaliga ee Dowladda,
sibabahaas oo idil aawgood Xildhibaanada Beelaha kor ku xusan, waxay hoosta ka xariiqayaan in loo baahan yahay wadahadalo adag oo lagu saxaayo dhaliilahaan oo wadanka u horseedaya bur bur iyo is aamin daro ayaa lagu yiri bayaankan ay soo saareen Xildhibaanad Beesha Direed eek u kulmay Hoteel Bakiin ee Magaalada Baydhabo.

hase ahaatee arimahaan dhacaaya ayaa waxay ka mid yihiin caqabada horyaala Xukuumada cusub ee Ra’iisul Wasaare Col/ Nuur Cade ee aan wali helin kalsoonida Baarlamaanka, islamarkaana laga cabsi qabo in ay dhicisoowdo, inkastoo hadal haynteeda ay ku badan tahay in xubin kasta oo Wasiiradda ka tirsan Baarlamaanka mid mid looga weydiindoono kalsooni, balse ma cada in ay dhaceyso iyo in kale arintaas, laakiin la ogaandoonee Todobaadyada soo socda, halka ay ku biyo shubtaan hadaladaan is burinaaya.
Maxamed Macallin Cismaan(All-man) Somalitalk Baydhabo.
fatxumaalik@hotmail.com
Faafin: SomaliTalk.com | Dec
o There have also been reports of about1000 Somali families crossing into Ethiopia (Barey District) on 19 September. They fled from Karaban village in Luuq district (Somalia) due to fighting over land ownership between the two clans: Gadsan (Dir) and Mo’alin Weyne (Rahanweyn). Further, almost 100 people a month are reported to be arriving in Sudan from Somalia traveling from Galkayo via Ethiopia into Sudan over a period of one and a half months.
http://ochaonline.un.org/OchaLinkClick.aspx?link=ocha&docid=1008515

MADAX WEYN DIR MAXAA KU QASAY OROMO READ FORUM

Traditional Somali dagger is clearly visible on the hips of every grown up Somali man who reached at the age of manhood. The traditional dagger mounted on the hip is known as "Golxob".But travellers should never try to tamper with Somali daggers.

Ethiopia which it imports through Dire Dawa. Dire Dawa (dirrir dhaba) is a Somali name which simply means "a place of fighting".

There is an old man who hand-feeds some 50 hyenas every night, treating them like kittens. The "heynaman" is considered as the main tourist attraction of Harar. He inherited the art of communicating with hyenas from his late father.

There´s nothing much to see at Babile as tourists, except the tall natural rocks that lie on top of one another, similar to that of Britain´s ancient Darrington-Stonehenge and the natural mineral waterfalls. The Babilians believe that the natural waterfalls, now under the control of a bottling company in Harar, could cure people suffering from chronic rheumatism. Babile is located on a high ground overlooking the Erer river where, in the evening one could see the illuminating lights of Harar and Fanyaanbiira.It is a groundnut producing district where the Oromo speaking Madigan Somalis and the Nooles were living side-by-side in peace for centuries.Fanyaanbiira, whose residents are mainly the Toljacle and Eto of Oromo, marks the natural boundary between Somalis and their compatriot Islamic Oromo. It is a rich agricultural district known for its quality coffee and variety of grain production.

These Oromo Kingdoms and Confederations were the Arfan-Qallo (Oborra, Ala, Noole and Babile),

In arab language, the word "Gal-la" was used as an insult to enemies of Islam.

In Somali language, the word is used the same way and the words "gaal" or "Gaalo" means infidel, anti-Islam and pagan. Why did Somalis insult oromos this way or does it have connection to expansion of Arsi Oromos near Somali lands??

Yeah right, only you omit to mention that the word in Somali (and btw the word in Somali isnt Galla) Gaal basically has several meanings, interesting you omit many others uses of the word.

Meaning1 Gaal =non Muslim
Meaning2 Gaal= a white person
Meaning 3 =a non Somali who is also a non Muslim.
Meaning 4 =A white Muslim person will not be described as Gaal.
Meaning5= A non Muslim Somali will be called Gaal..

And Gaalo is plural btw...


Context: Gaal isnt a degrading term, it does not imply all the ugly connotions that the Ethiopian context of the word has, it is not a word filled with hate and subjucation of others and it is not a word that harms. It is just a word used to identify a non Muslim .

Somali Family Tree

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Im...FamilyTree.png


Darood as well as all of Darood's sons married Dir wives, but the exact Dir clans are not known. Dir is the son of Aji son of Irir son of Samaale son of Hiil. Dir had four sons who left descendants, Mehe Issa, Medelug and Madahweyn. A fifth clan was invented for non-Dir clans who married into the Dir and who were Dir via marriage, called Qaldo, but these clans are not paternally Dir. The Isaaq are considered by Dir to be Mehe Dir as one of Isaaq's wives was Mehe, but Isaaq themselves do not consider themselves to be Dir. Oddly enough Darood are not considered to be Dir, but the custom of clans becoming Dir by marriage had perhaps not arisen yet.
I think in essence your 2 points I underlined are the same thing, which is the primary reason there are no non-muslim somalis (generally speaking in the historical context). But I agree with alot of your points.

I looked at you table and I want to point out on the Oromo side, the line is Baabbile-Qallo-Humbanna-Bareento/Bareentuma.

Quote:
Darood as well as all of Darood's sons married Dir wives, but the exact Dir clans are not known. Dir is the son of Aji son of Irir son of Samaale son of Hiil. Dir had four sons who left descendants, Mehe Issa, Medelug and Madahweyn. A fifth clan was invented for non-Dir clans who married into the Dir and who were Dir via marriage, called Qaldo, but these clans are not paternally Dir.
Qaldho is from my understanding a mispronunciation of Qallo. And it's not that it was invented, if you're familiar with the Oromo tree Qallo is the son of Humbanna. Maternally I'm not sure since the Oromo clan system is entirely patrilineal.
__________________


Maqaa Rabbi hunda caalaatiin

Originally Posted by Qeeyroo
I think in essence your 2 points I underlined are the same thing, which is the primary reason there are no non-muslim somalis (generally speaking in the historical context). But I agree with alot of your points.

I looked at you table and I want to point out on the Oromo side, the line is Baabbile-Qallo-Humbanna-Bareento/Bareentuma.




Qaldho is from my understanding a mispronunciation of Qallo. And it's not that it was invented, if you're familiar with the Oromo tree Qallo is the son of Humbanna. Maternally I'm not sure since the Oromo clan system is entirely patrilineal.
Interesting. Genetically by Y-DNA the Somali of non-Arab descent are closer to the Borana than the Barentu, but this doesn't consider matrilinear descent. According to the Dir, the descendants of Qaldho include many difficult-to-place clans like the Jarso, Babili, Warday,Gabraha,Randile and Geeldhicis, and the infamously difficult to place Ajuran.

Originally Posted by James
Interesting. Genetically by Y-DNA the Somali of non-Arab descent are closer to the Borana than the Barentu, but this doesn't consider matrilinear descent. According to the Dir, the descendants of Qaldho include many difficult-to-place clans like the Jarso, Babili, Warday,Gabraha,Randile and Geeldhicis, and the infamously difficult to place Ajuran.
The Dir that neighbour us from my knowledge haven't ever disputed that Qallo decendents are limited to 4 in number. It's pretty well known, infact the complete term is Afran-Qallo meaning the four decendents of Qallo which are Ala, Oborra, Dagaa (Noole & Jaarso), and Baabbile. Others that aren't familiar with the area may say otherwise, but it really isn't a disputed subject among neighbouring Oromos and Somalis. If Gabra and 'Gabraha' are the same, they are Oromo but fall under Borana. Randile are a completely different group. That's a pretty messy list in general.

Ajuran are close to Borana and share alot in common, but they are Somali nonetheless. I'm curious about where Somalis place Akichuu (Aakisho). Dir aswell?
__________________


Maqaa Rabbi hunda caalaatiin.


The Ajuran origin is a mystery to me, though they were related somehow to the Muzaffar dynasty of Mogadishu. In terms of their clan, they are related by marriage to the Jambele Hawiye, and the Samaale claim they are descended from Meqare Samaale. The Ajuran themselves however claim descent from Shambal ibn Abu Talib (who doesn't exist). What I do know is that around 1400 or 1500 they conquered the then-Waaqa Hawiye and other tribes in Lower Shabelle, then some time later up the coast as far as Hobyo and all the way up the Shabelle to Qalaafe, where they established their capital. They later conquered Bay and Bakool and up to the Juba.

All these conquests were against people referred to as "the Galla". There is no record of mass migrations of Oromo out of Somalia in this period however, and the Galla in question are simply non-Muslim Somali.

Their fall from power was a multi-stage one. First the Hawiye rebelled in the Middle Shabelle and Mudug regions, then later on the Geledi rebelled in Lower Shabelle and took Bay and Bakool from them up to the Juba. Finally the Ogaden Darod finished them off on Qalaafo in the 17th or 18th centuries.

The Akisho are Madaweyn Dir. Interesting. There are a number of clans that are considered to be "pre-Somali", do you recognize any of these?

Hinjinleh
Magdleh
Turyer
Yibir
Madhibaan aka Gaboye aka Midgan
Tomal
Yahar
Ainanshe
Lo'jir
Gehaile
Jibrahil
Idrais
Dod
Waramiyo
Warakiyo
Diriye
Ainanshe, only heard of this group after the war, and Diriye very recently if you now the history I would really appreciate it if you could share....



The Yibir are descendants of Muhammed bin Hanif, known as "Boqor Bur Bayr", who was the king of Hargeisa in the 11th or 12th century. According to legend Yuusuf al-Kawnayn defeated him in a battle of religious power and trapped him in a mountain, and that because of this the Somali owe blood debt to all of his descendants.

Most of the tribes listed above live in Ceerigaabo and live among one clan or another that lives in that city. The Lo'jir for instance tend the flocks of the Warsangeli and Dulbahante. Only the Madhibaan are really despised, but I believe that has more to do with history, as Madhibaan were feared for centuries for being armed with deadly poison tipped arrows and excellent bowmen, who would twang their bowstrings if they were feeling malicious.

The history of the "Pre-Somali" is a mystery to me, and I don't think that they have been the subject of anyone's study. For instance many Somali do not know that they keep their own Abtirsi, but they do. The Tumal, Yibir and Madhibaan for instance are a clan group, referred to as the Baidari.


Interesting Thanks James For The Great Somali History
I Have A Question Jibrahil I Know In Kenya Its Sub-clan Of Degodia Or Is Different One U R Refering Or Its Same?.if Same Jibrahil Is It Not Sub Clan Of Degodia?
It's possible that originally Darood was considered to be Dir like Isaaq is today, but if so it's far enough back in history that no-one remembers it.

Mainly this is just due to two different kinship systems. The clans that were there when Darood and later Isaaq arrived traced kinship via the female as well as the male line, whereas the Arabian kinship system is strictly paternal, and often times the wives aren't even mentioned in the genealogies, unless it was really important (Like Fatima being the wife of Ali).


These lo'jirs can fight.

DirDawa is a Oromo town ruled by Oromo and whose current minister is Oromo. Essa nor Gurgure who is a diya paying sub clan of the Noloha, Arsi Oromo have no control over DirDawa. The Dir subclans claim Oromo origins in Ogadenia why join ONLF a Somali movement when they should join there Oromo brothers OLF.


the noole are afran qallo not arsi oromo and some claim they are originally dir too.


Yes..Cabdi was famous indeed...But for me...Moalin Qaasim was because I never new that Cabdi Muxumed hailed from that clan...

Waddadii cadayd cagta saarnayee, ku caraabiyoo....
Cimrigii jiryoo, jiryo jiryo caynaanka hay, hay hay weliga hay..
Kii ciil qabee, cunto gooni rabay, ciidda ha cunee

Folks who are calling every one Dir, don't they know that:

Daaroodkaba camalkoodaa caddeeyee, inay Dir ahaayeen

Gurgure is a confederacy of sub clans who are blacksmith, merchants and peasants. They have been oppressed by the Oromo and have claimed Dir. The noole are Oromo why would an Oromo claim Dir. Its the Gurgure who claim Noole as they were conquered by them and centuries of gumeysi.

What does the ONLF need with a minority such as Essa or Gurgure when major sub clans of the Darood in Ogadenia would be more of an asset then a liability.

. Dire Dawa is a Gurgure and Essa Town. On top of the City Council it states ' The City Council of Gurgure and Essa and Dire Dawa'.

.

Dire Dawa is as Gurgure and Essa as Badhan and Dahar are Warsangalli, as Ceerigabo is Musa Ismail.

2. Oromo live in the West of the City near the mountain ranges.
Both the the Issa and Gurgura Liberation Front and the Oromo Liberation Front claim the city;

3. Gurgure is Somalia, my uncle is married to a Gurgure.

necocon Gurgure would outnumber Warsangalli 4/1 you just a ignorant and stupid fish face langaab.

THE ISAAQ DIR CLANS HABAR YONIS AND HABAR JECLO

Habar Jeclo (Somali: Habarjeclo) is one of the three main Isaaq (?????) clans. They are comprised from three of Sheikh Isaaq Ahmed's sons, Muusa, Mohamed and Ibrahim binu Is-haaq. They mostly live in the eastern parts of the self-declared state of Somaliland, stretching from the outskirts of the city of Berbera all the way to Ceel Afweyn in Sanaag. and Evigavo

Of the three sons the majority (about 90%) of the Habar Jeclo are descended from Muse binu Is-haaq. There are many families and subclans within the Habar Jeclo clan. Some who are larger than others and others that are very prominent in overseas country but less so in Somaliland. For example the descendants of Musa make up four large groups, which in turn go down to even more and more families. The three largest Habar Jeclo subclans are believed to be the Barre Adrahman subclan of the Musa Abokor, the Noah subclan of the Mohamed Abokor and the Reer Yonis subclan of Muse Abokor. In Somaliland the Mohamed Abokor, Samane Abokor, Sanbuur and Cibraan settled in the Togdheer Region and Haud, while the Muse Abokor is more concentrated in the Sool and Sanaag Regions.
SAYNAB CALI BAXSAN






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Heesta kowad waxaa ku luuqeyneysa Saynab Cali BAXSAN: Guleysta iyo Geeri . Sadexda danbena Faynuus Sheikh Dahi. Labadan fanaan ayaa ka soo jeeda Galbeedka Somalia, oon u kala dhashay Obo Akihso iyo Reer Aw Saciid oo Madaxweyne Dir ka soojeeda.
Wareysi Dheer oo aan Layeelanay Mudane Warsame oo Dalka Itobiya ku xeel dheer.
Su'aal Dirsame : Bal dhalinta reer konfurta Direed een kala aqoon reer tolkood wax uga sheeg Madaxweyn Dirka Galbeedka Somalia. Dhamaan Dirka dagan konfurta markii ay maqlaan Madaxweyne wexey la soo boodaan inta badan laba hobol oo Wabari ku jiray, sida Baxsan iyo Cabdi Muxummed Amiin Gabyaga, heesaga, wadaniga weyn. Dhalinta waxa kale eey yaqaanan atirisho Faynus Sheikh Dahir, siiba kuwa majajilada ruwayadaha daawada. Laakin dalkas Somali Galbeed iyo deeganada ma yaqaanan dhalinyarada reer Xamarka ah sideyda, bal waxa nooga sheeg, Madaxweyn Dir itaad Ka aragtay ?
Sida ay u kala baxaan noo sheeg horta ?
Mudane Warsame Jawaab: Marxaba anigoo hadalka soo koobi doona. Saad ogsontahay Dir wuxuu dhalay 4 wiil oo kala ha:
1)Madaxweyn
2)Maahe Dir-Isaaq;Biimaal;gadsan; dabruube iyo Bajimaal
3)Madoobe Dir-waa Ciise iyo beelo soo raaca oo isaga ladhashay lana dagan
4)Dir-Mandalluuga koonfurta dagan (sida Makahiilka, Nuure, Buufow, Reer Majuun, Reer xasan) iyo Gadabuursi (beel weynta Samaroon Saciid)
Horta Madaxweyn uma dhalan anigu (waxaan Ka soo Jeedaa Surre Dir). Laakin aad iyo aad ayaan u baaray, oo ku darsay beeshan balaaran ee Madaxweyne Direed. Dhowr safar oon Somalia, Kenya iyo Etioobiya meelaha ay dagaan ayaan ku soo maray, kadibna waxaan baaray oo yara raad raacay buugagta ay qoreen reer galbeedka. Marka, waxad odhan kartaa wax woogan ogahay, laakin cudurdaar, hadii aan wax is dhaf dhafiyo ha la ii dulqaato, hana la i saxo hadoow, oo foorumku waa furan yahay iyo comments kuba.

Madaxweyn wuxuu Dhalay:

  1. Maxamed
  2. Ali
  3. Yaxye
  4. Hordare

  1. Maxammed iyo Ali madaxweyn ayyeenu inta badan aan maqalnaa oo kala ah:
  • Gurgure (maxammed)
  • Akisho
  • Gariire
  • Guure
  • Waro Waro
  • Obo
  • Reer Aw saciid
  • Layiile
  • Madigaan
  • Iyo Barsuug
  • Reer Dayo ( Wardaay)
  • Jiido Geedle Cali Madaxweyn ( Wajis iyo Sifir)-Qoryoolley area.
2. Hordare waa sadex (Etiyoobiya iyo jubada Hoose)
  • Alaabweyn
  • Ijaaje
  • Khayre



3. Yaxye waa reer zona Jubbada Hoose North of Kismayo & wamo
  • Dheere Madaxweyn
Waxa kale oo Jira beelah oo Waqooyi Galbeed iyo Itobia dagan:
  • Dalbis
  • Leyiille
  • Dayle
  • Guurejenno
Su'aal Dirsame :Deegaanada Bal noo kala sheeg, Mudane DIRSAME?
Horta madaxweyn Dirku waxaa uu deegan ahaan, asasiyan uga yimaadaa Galbeedka Somaliyada Itoobiyo Guumeysato siiba laga bilaabo Erer, Harrar, Shiniile, ilaa Qabri Bayax. Laakin laga bilaabo 1600 ilaa 1890 kii ,xiligii gumeystiihii Menelik, boqorkii Itobiya uu qabsaday Harrar ilaa maanta waxaa ku dhacay Madaxweyn Dir kala daadsanaan iyo xoogaha jah wareer oo ay u kala guureen konfurta Itoobiya ilaa Afdeer, oo Doloow Ado u dhaw, ilaa Bay iyo dooxooyinka wabiyada Jubba iyo Shabeelle.
Tusaale, Guuraha oo 180,000 ruux gaaraya, ilaa Afdheer ilaa Guure Dhaamoole oo Jarati iyo Gooblka Liiban ayaay usoo qaxeen, itooda badan waxa aa u burburiyay Menelik boqorkii Itoobiya 1890kii oo gibir ama canshuur baad ah ku qoray. Beesha Guure iyo Mandalluug waxa ay barigaa ka tageen intooda badan Tog Faafan oon ka fogeeyn Jigjiga iyo Harrar.
Qeybo kala oo Madaxweyne Dir ah qarnigii 1500, markii Mujaahid Axmed Ibraahim Qaazi (Axmed Guurey) la jabiyay ayaa waxaa jiidhay Oromo fara badan oo qabsatay, Harrar iyo nawaxigeeda.
Waagaas waxaa Galbeedka ka qaxay dadka ay ka mid yihiin, Quraanyow Maxamed Xiniftire Mahe Dir ama qaybta Garre ee Dirka ah oo deegan ahaan dagay Bay, Awdheegle, ilaa Nageele. Qurac oo Mahe Dir Xiniftire ah waxa ay dageen Magalo tuulo dalka Aruusada Oromoda ah ku taal, sidoo kale Guurah oo dagay dhankaas xuduudna la leh Aruusada. Jiido Ali sidoo kale qarnigii 1600 ayay soo dageen Bay iiyo Jubo/Shabeelle Valley.
Sidoo kale, beelah Biyomaal, Bajimaal, iyo Dabruub ayaa ka mida beelah Mahe Dir ee ay Madaxweyn Dir iska soo raaceen dhankaan Harrar iyagoo soo raacaya wabiga Shabeelle ama Wabiga Jubba. Qaar Iimey iyo dhankaas ayay aadeen, Qaar shabeelle ayay soo raaceen oo waxa ay dageen Bay, Jubbada hoose iyo shabeelle. Marka, beello boqollal sanno ka hor daganaa konfurta iyo qaar dawaan ka daba yimid ayaa jira.
Beelaha dhawan ka yimid Galbeedka waxaa ka mid ah Gadsanka, Mandaluuga iyo beesha reer Aw Saciid ee fananada aad jeceshahay, Dirsame eey ka dhalatay, Marow Faynuus Sheekh Dahir.
Dirsame Su'aal :Mexeey u kala baxaan Aw Saciidka ?
Beesha Reer Aw Saciid waxa ay u kala baxaan Abkeey Xaaji oo Adeer ah iyo Farah, Abikar, Sacdi , Nuur, Ali, Cismaan, Xuseen, iyo Cumar.
Halkaan Ka daawada Sawirada iyo Bilicda Casimada Labaad ee Gurgure Dir ,Hurso: http://www.hurso.com/Photos/Index.html
Markaa waa beel aad u balaaran oo kala dagta: Ijaara, wajaale, Arabsiyo W.G Somali land ilaa Qabri bayax, Diraa dhabe, Fayanbiiro, Gura Dhaamoole, Diraa Dhabe, Jigjiga, Hadana u sii fiday Maiso, Awash,Hurso,Erer goota, Harar, Kismaayo, Buaale, Luuq ilaa NFD Garseen Lake Tana area iyo Doolow Nageele xageeda. Marka dad badan oo aan lasoo koobi karin oo Malyuun Kor u dhaaf aya weeye.
Akisho
Bil Matalan, Akisho waxa ay ku leeyihiin magaaloyin ka Waqooyi Galbeed ka xiga Hargeysa beero sida beerah ku yaal Odjiid agagaarkeeda oo ay isla dagaan is na dhalaan beesha Yoonis Jibriilka. Ingiriiskii ayaa waxa ka qoray ganacsatada iyo beeraleyda beeshan, siiba Warre Kiyo Reer Carre Cumar Bullalle iyo lafahooda sida Addo Carre iyo Reer Daud Carre ( Caddale Daud iyo lafta Geelle Daud)
Mudane Dirsame maxay ku dhacdaa ama loo moodaa in Ogadeenku ugu badan yihiin Gobolka Somali Galbeed ama dhulkan Xabishidu guumeysato ee Region 5, hadii arinku saad shegeysid yahay ?
Ogadeen boqolkiiba 30 % xitaa ma gaadhan dad ahaan dadka ku nool Gobolka Somali galbeed. Qiyaastii beesha Ciise xitaa ayaa uga badan. Dirka dalkaa dagana waa Gurgure, Gadabuursi, Beelweynta Isaaq, Gadsan, Guure, Gariire, Surre oo leh Fiqi Muxummed, Nacdoor, Fiqi Khayre, Fiqi Yaxye, Mandaluug, Akisho, Obo, Bajimaal Quraanyow Maxammed Garre iyo Dabruube. Marka waa wax saxafadaha reer galbeedka (western media) laga dhaadiciyay. Dirka waxaa weheliya Karanle Hawiye, Murille, Hiraab. Waxa agaakan dagan Shiikhaal, beelo Raxanweyn ah iyo Garre Marre, Duubo, iyo Digoodi ba. Marka waa iska probaganda raqiis ah oo hir gashay.
Tuusaale ahaan:
  • Iimey Dir ayaa ugu badan, waa run Ogaden Reer Amadin iyo beesha Duubo waa dagan yihiin.
  • Jarati iyo Liiban: Dir ayaa majority ah ilaa Waladayo, Doolo, Guure Dhamoole.
  • Godey: Iimey West iyo East iyo Booley
  • Gashaamo: Sida Nusdariiq, Kabtinuur, Qabri Dahare
  • Kalaafo Ilaa Mustaxiil. Bajimaalku waxa ay dagan yihiin iyo Dir kaleba magaalooyinka Gumar, D'are, Niman, Mayko, Qodi dudul, Burdhinle, Mustahiil
  • Baalle, nageele, dhanka kale Fayaanbiiro, Hara Maayo, Maiso, Gobolka Shiniille oo dhan Fiiq.
Ma lasoo koobi karo adeer. Hada ka hor ayaa shirkii Kenya lagu qabtay ayaa odayaal Darood iyo Hawiye ah oo Dir la yaaban ayaa waydiiyay wiil yar oo Surre Dir ah, " Waryaa Dir badatee, meeqa Gobol ayaa dagtaan?
Wiilkii Surre isagoo isku kalsoon ayuu yiri, " War adeerayaal Darood iyo Hawiyow idinkaa fudud ee is xisaabiya, wixii soo haran anaa leh, hadii aan dhaho carro Dir aan xisabinaa, waagaa baryi oo hadana baryi, marka idinkaa fudude, oo koobane lana xisaabin karaa deegankiine dee sheegta halkaad dagtaan, halkaan dagana waa dagaa anigoo Diree.
Mahadsanid Mudane Dirsame. Waxaan rajeyneynaa in aad nagala hadashid tarikhaha aad uruurisay, anaguna waa dabic doonaa.
Wareeysigu waa socon doona, kolba markii aan E-mail ka helno


Glossary
Gurra -a group of Dir living between wabi Gastro and Dumale. Gurra Dhaamole, Afdeer, lands of the Guure Madax weyn Dir, group very related to Akisho and Gurgure numbering over 260,000.
Gurra- top
Gurro- ear
Gurratti- Black
Qurac- Mahe Dir Group living in Magalo, Bale.


JARSO MADAXWEYN DIR

Beesha Jaarso deegaanada ay ku nool yihiin waxaa ka mid ah :

1. Degmada Jigjiga
2. Degmada Jinacsani
3. Degmada Ajasa Koora
4. Degmada Baabili
5. Degmada Gursum
6. Degmada Hawaday
7. Harar,Haramaya,Diridawa,Naserat,Baali,Dhangago
8. Degmada Tuli Guuled
9. Waxay Kale oo Ay Ku Nool Yihin Qaybo Badan Oo Ka Mid Ah Kililka Oromada
10. Gobolka Liibaan

Hadaan usoo noqono beeshu waxay ka kooban tahay lix (6) jilib oo waa wayn waxayna kala Yihiin:

1. Wara dhaqo ( Reer Dhaqo )

2. Wara sayo ( Reer Sayo)

3. Walaabi

4. Wara Oogo (Reer Oogo)

5. Dawaro

6. Oroma

Erayga Waro waa eray oromo ah wuxuuna la mid yahay Reer

1. Wara Dhaqo iyaduna waxay usii kala baxdaa Tobadaba (7) Jilib.

Wara Yan’a
Wara Yaanyo Igo
Wara Maxamed
Wara Yaanyo Guyo
Wara Akaako
Wara Areelo
2. Wara Sayo iyaduna waxay ukala baxdaa sadex (3) jilib oo waa Wayn
Wara Buuko
Abiye
Oroma
3. Walaabi waxay ukala baxdaa sadex (3) jilib oo waa Wayn
Wara Cusmaan
Wara Cumar
Baalcad
4. Dawaro
5. Wara Oogo
6. Orama

F.G. Fadlan wixii Talo iyo Tusaaleba Ah ama Sixid Aad Iga Saxaysid Wixii Ka Qaldan Qoraalkan iigu Soo Hagaaji Ciwaankan jaarsocommunity@hotmail.com



WAXAAN LEEHAY AXMED GUREY CIDUU AHAA YAANEY SHIKI IDINKA GALIN WAXA UU AHAA HALGAMAA SOOMALIYEED OO HALGAN ADAG SOO GALAY WAXAANA KA MID AHAA AWOWGAY CIIDAMADIISII FADHIYI JIREY TULIGUULEED IYO TUURCAANOOD WAXA UUNA KA SOO JEEDAY AXMED GUREY BEESHA DIREED EE JAARSO GAAR AHAAN WARADHANQO SIIBA JILIBKA WARA YAAYO LOO YAQAANO ISAGA OO KA SOO JEEDEY TUULADA TUUR CAANOOD OO CAANHA KU CABIJIREY MARKA UU NASANAYANA KU NASAN JIREY TAASUNA MID AAD IS WEYDIIN KARTAAN MAAHA WAXAA NOOL TAFIIRTII AXMED GUREY OO JOOGTA TULIGUULEED WAA NAD LASOO KULMI KARTAAN IMAAM AHMED GUREY YAANA LAGU SHEEGIN CI UUNAN AHAYN WAANIN JAARSO AH OO DIR AH BY C\LAHI KHALIF CALI




.....


[edit] Major subclans
Adan Madoobe (wolf of the north)
Ahmed Faarah
Alah Magan Abdulle
Ali Barre
Ba'iide
Farah Ba'iide
Ahmed Farah Ba'iide(the lion of the north)
Bayle faarah
Eibraan
Fahiye Farah
Idarays
Omar Jibriil
Reer Daahir (eagle of the north)
Reer Dood
Reer Yoonis
Samane Abokor
Solomadaw
Sanbuur
Uduruhmiin
Yeesif
Ibreem Yeesif

[edit] Notable Habar Jeclo people
Mohamed Ibrahim Warsame 'Hadrawi', Somali poet and songwriter
Ahmed M. Mahamoud Silanyo, Kulmiye chairman; former SNM chairman
This article about an ethnic group in Africa is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

This Somalia-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habar_Jeclo"




Maxamuud Qaloonbi


Gabaygani wuxuu abwaanku tirshey qiyaastii 1953 kii waqtigaas oo ay colaad sokeeye ka taagnayd beelaha walaalaha ah ee wada dega Gobolka Togdheer. Maalintii Maxamuud Cali Fadal iyo ragga badan laga laayey beesha Habar Jeclo ayuu gabaygan ugu caqli celinayaa.
Markay dayrtu daantaa sariyo, Doollo ka hagaagtay
Doonbiraale iyo hawd markii, dooggu ka hillaacay
Degmo aan badnayn iyo rag yari, naga dabayl raacye
Dakanadeeda Habar Yoonistii, waayo daba joogtay

Dilkii Gumarre aar doonistii, loo diyaar noqoye
Markayse dirirtu reer Daahiriyo, duul galbeed noqotay
Dabra celiska waa wada ogayn inay, diiqo geliyeene
Raggii wadane laga doonay iyo, gaadhigaa dilay’e.

Ninse walaalkiis daab lala dhacoo, diidi kari waayey
Dumaashiisa naagahana waa, laga dibboodshaaye
Axmed Faarax doorkii ku jirey, waa la daawadaye.

Diintaan ku dhaartaye hadday, duuddayadu joogto
Amay Solamadawdii dirnayd , dab iyo hiil keento
Qoluunbaa dalkuu hadhi lahayd, labada daamoode
Intuu dunida degel Habar Jeclo ah, degel ka qiiqaayo
Duufaanka dhacaybaan inuu, damo la eegayne
Dudmada iska daa Habar Jeclooy waynu daabiqiye.

Maxamuud Qaloonbi






Habar Jeclo - Bah Majeelo



Dudmo

Habar Yoonis
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Main article: Somali clan
The Habar Yoonis (Somali: Habaryoonis) is a Somali clan, part of the larger Isaaq group. Habar is the maternal grouping in the Somali tribal segmentations. Said Garxajis married, from the Daarood sub-clan, Geri Koombe (Aba-Yoonis). The most numerous Said Garxajis are from his Daarood (Aba-Yoonis) wife and hence the maternal segment's name. The clan includes Eidegalla, Arap and Ayoup of the Isaaq clan. Also included in Habar Yoonis is the Eliye of the Issa clan, and finally the Harti sub-clan of the Abgaal and Sacad sub-clan of the Habar Gedir, both of which comprise of the larger Hawiye clan. As well, the Sheikhal, Saleebaan, and Ceyr of the Hawiye, the Ashraaf clan of the Rahanweyn are also included. The Habar Yoonis is a sub-clan of the Sheik Isaaq clan. They are famous for being the only sub-clan in Somaliland that has a sizable population in all the cities of Somaliland and Ethopia's Somali region. One of the ancestral cities of the Habar Yoonis is Burco and the Aroori plain, which they still inhabit and control to a great degree.


The Burco countryside where the Habar Yoonis dominate to this date.Contents [hide]
1 Clan structure
1.1 Cali Saciid
1.2 Carre Siciid
1.3 Isaxaaq care Siciid
1.4 Ismaciil Carre Siciid
1.5 Cabdalle Ismaaciil
1.6 Muuse Cabdalle
1.7 Abokor Looge
1.8 Faarax Maxamed
2 Cumar Cabdalle
3 Adan Cumar
4 Mohamed Adan
5 Xildiid Maxamed
6 Cismaan Xildiid
7 Xirsi Cismaan
7.1 Ceynaashe Xirsi
7.2 Sugulla Ceynaashe
7.3 Muuse Ismaaiil
7.4 Yoonis Ismaaciil
8 Musa Care
9 Has Three Sons
10 Damal Muse
10.1 Habar Yoonis Sultans
10.2 Idaares Abdalle
11 References
12 External links



[edit] Clan structure
Saciid Ismaaciil (Garxajis) Is Nick name and Has two sons


[edit] Cali Saciid
(Hassan Haaji and Faarax haaji) Faarax Haaji 1)Ismail Faarax and abdi Faarax

Ismail Faarax 1) Reer ciagaale dheere 2) Reer collow 3) reer Amarre 4) Reer AWAD 5) Reer aw cabdi 6) reer xasan xirsi 7) reer cali xirsi 8) reer cadaawe


HASSAN Haaji, 1) reer samater 2) reer siyaad 3) abdi hassan 4) cismaan hassan 5)cumar xasan 6)jidh jidhan


[edit] Carre Siciid
Carre Saciid (larger group)
Carre had seven sons:

Ismaaciil Carre (Cabdale, Muuse and Yoonis)
Muuse Carre(Ibraahim, Hassan and Damal)
Isxaaq Carre(Kaliil, Cabdalle, Qaasim)
Dandaan Carre
Kuul Carre
Gambo Carre
Makaahiil Carre

[edit] Isaxaaq care Siciid
1)Cabdalle Isaxaaq 2)Qaasim Isaxaaq 3)Kaliil Isaxaaq

Cabdalle Isaxaaq= Ahmed Hassan and Hussein Hassan

* Hussein Hassan, ( heer ugaadh, ahmed liig, and cali abdalle).
* Ahmed Hassan, (mahamed ahmed, hussein hassan, and (geeda saluug, salah geel))

[edit] Ismaciil Carre Siciid
Ismaciil Carre, a branch of the Habar Yoonis, is considered to be the largest family branch of all branches within Somali clans. He is the only 4th generation descendant of Isxaaq who is buried along him in his tomb.

His lineage was: Ismaciil, son of Carre, son of Said, son of Ismaiil, son of Sheikh Isaaq bin Ahmed. Ismaciil had three sons: Musse Ismaciil (Gadhweyne and Reer Cawl), Abdalle Ismaciil (Cumar Abdalle, Idarees Abdalle and Muuse Abdale) and Yonis Ismaciil (Sacad Yonis). Ismaciil Carre members are recognized to be the backbone of the SNM struggle against the rule of Somali dictator Siad Barre. Ismaciil Carre members live mostly in the Hawd Ethiopia, Burco, Erigabo, Nugaal, Sanaag and Togdheer regions of Somaliland.

Three Sons of Ismaaciil Carre

Muuse Ismaacil (reer Awl + Gadhweyn)
Yoonis Ismaaciil (Sacad Yoonis)
Cabdalle Ismaaciil (majority of this section)

[edit] Cabdalle Ismaaciil
Cabdalle Ismaacil had three sons, the largest of his descendant are among the Cumar Cabdalle (Omar Abdalla).

1- Idrays Cabdalle a-Muuse idarays -xasan muuse -xasan magan -xasan buureed b-Max/ed idarays c-Siciid idarays

2- Muuse Cabdalle 3- Cumar Cabdalle


[edit] Muuse Cabdalle
1- Abokor Looge 2- Faarax Maxamed


[edit] Abokor Looge
A- Cigaal Abokor 1)Maxamed Cigaal (reer Maxamed Casse) 2)Xassan Cigaal (reer Diiriye) 3) Beyle Cigaal subdivided into 1) Bagaalo (Muuse cabdi + Maxamed cabdi) 2) Farax cabdi and 3)Ismaaciil cabdi 4) Maax Cigaal (reer maax).

B- Muuse Abokor (divisions of Muuse also missing)

C- Cali Abokor: 1. Hagar Cali ( Rooble Hagar, Faarax Hagar ) 2. Xasan Cali ( divisions of Muuse also missing)


[edit] Faarax Maxamed
A- Xasan Faarax B- Cali Faarax (Bah Warsangali + Cali Xasan) C- Jibriil Faarax +Xuseen Faarax(Ba-Gumaroon)

D- Cabdi Xasan Faarax)1)CUMAR CABDI{2}GADIID CABDI E- Allamagan Faarax


[edit] Cumar Cabdalle
had three sons:

A- Ugaadh Cumar (a sub clan by itself) B- Kaliil Cumar C- Adan Cumar (which is the most numerous at this junction).


[edit] Adan Cumar
3 sections:

Cigaal Adan (grouped into Gumbuur)
Maxamed Adan (the most numerous)
Cilmi Adan (reer Cilmi)

[edit] Mohamed Adan
2 sections:

Xildiid Maxamed (the most numerous)
Rooble Maxamed (Carabala).
A- Baho Rooble B- Reer Samatar (the most numerous)
Rooble/carabala, are the providers of Akils (Caaqil) for their alliane Baho ismail (Rooble Maxamed+Idarays cabdalle+Abokor xildiid)


[edit] Xildiid Maxamed
4 sections:

1- Xasan Xildiid (grouped within Gumbuur alliance) 2- Xuseen Xildiid (reer Xuseen): A- Ismaaciil Xuseen B- Samtar Xuseen c- Galab Xuseen.

3- Abokor Xildiid (reer Abokor): A- Cali Abokor (most numerous) B- Ibraahin Abokor

4- Cismaan Xildiid (the most numerous)


[edit] Cismaan Xildiid
Mumin Cismaan
Cali Cismaan (Ba-Dhulbahante)
Cabdi Cismaan (Ba-Dhulbahnate)
Maxamuud Cismaan (Ba-Dhulbahnate)
Xirsi Cismaan.
Ibrahim Cismaan
Iidle Cismaan

[edit] Xirsi Cismaan
8 sections:

Ceynaashe Xirsi (17 sections)
Siciid Xirsi (reer Weyd + reer Waraabe + reer Cigaal + Cabdi )
Cabdi Xirsi (Cawd and Diiriye)
Warsame Xirsi
Faahiye Xirsi (geedi and ducaale)
yuusuf Xirsi
Cali Xirsi
Xildiid Xirsi.

[edit] Ceynaashe Xirsi
17 sections

Axmed Ceynaashe
Liibaan Ceynaashe
Sugulla Ceynaashe ( 18 sections)
Guutaale Caynaashe
Guuleed Caynaashe
Xirsi Caynaashe
Samaale Caynaashe
Faarax Caynaashe
Ciise Caynaashe
Butiye Caynaashe
Maygaag caynaashe
Kooshin Caynaashe
Cumar caynaashe
Cigaal Caynaashe
Cabdi Caynaashe
Suubaan Caynaashe
Wacays Caynaashe

[edit] Sugulla Ceynaashe
Diiriye Sugulla ( Bah Makahiil and Baha Diiriye)
Axmed Sugulla
Roble Sugulla
Maxamuud Sugule (bah Adam madoobe)
Ducaale sugule (bah Adam madoobe)
Maxamed Sugule (bah Adam madoobe)
Wacays Sugule

[edit] Muuse Ismaaiil
The Muuse Ismaaciil sub-clan of the Habar Yoonis is the second in population after the Cabdalle Ismaaciil. They inhabit the Sanaag region in Somaliland, and some parts of Sool around the district of Xudun. The Muuse Ismaaciil are the traditional inhabitants of the city of Erigavo. Some sections of the Muuse Ismaaciil (reer Cawl) settle in Burco and parts of Ethopia around Gorgor and Qalocan area of Wardheer district. They traditionally had their own sultan who governed the eastern sections of the Habar Yoonis.

Sultaan Ducaale Muuse(1890-1955)was the first M.Ismaaciil sultan
Sultaan Cali Suldaan Ducaale (1920-1977)
Sultaan Rashid Sultan Cali the present sultan (b.1955).
Muuse Ismaaciil tribal divisions are:

Salax Muuse
Maxamed Muuse (urursuge)
Saalax Muuse ( Tuurwaa)
Yoonis Muuse.
The Tuurwaa are the most numerous and they are three sections:

Muuse Tuurwaa
Jibriil Tuurwaa (Xasan and Yoonis) (Qori Jarato)
Cismaan Tuurwaa
The Cismaan and the Muuse Tuurwaa are the main divisions in terms of population in this stage of segmentation and they spilt as the following:

Cismaan Tuurwaaa:

Xaamud Cismaan
Cawl Cismaan (reer Cawl)
Xaamud Cismaan, 3 sections:

Maxamud Xaamud
Cabdale Xaamud
Cabdi Xaamud
Cawl Cismaan, Ugaadhyahan Cawl (1 son) ,
Beyle Ugaadhyahan Cawl
Faarax Ugaadhyahan Cawl
The Beyle Ugaahyahan are the largest and are the traditional enemy of the Daarood (Dhulbahante) sub-clan, this is the only major H.Y sub-clan that shares land with the Dhulbahante in the Hawd region. From this section of the clan hails the famous Guba poet Yawle.

Beyle Ugaadhyahan

Maax Beyle
Gadiid Beyle
Cismaan Beyle (Yawle's sub-clan)
Adan Beyle.
Notice some sub-clan division are missing, specially the Muuse Tuurwaa the second largest in Muuse Ismaaciil.


[edit] Yoonis Ismaaciil
Yoonis Ismaaciil is better known as the Sacad Yoonis subclan. Sacad Yoonis members live mostly in the eastern part of Somaliland, more specifically in Burco city, Sanaag, Sool, and western Nugaal Regions of Somaliland. Two of the 82 Somaliland parliament seats are held by Sacad Yoonis clan members. The link below is a visual breakdown of the Sacad Yoonis clan structure.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Sacad_yonis3.jpg

Sacad's sons:

Hasan Sacad (largest branch)
Maxamed Sacad (Iidarays)
Maxamuud Sacad (Reer Maxamuud)
Hasan Sacad had son called Jibriil Hasan

Jibriil's sons, Barkad Jibriil, Rooble Jibriil, Adan Jibriil,

Barkad Jibriil had four sons:

Cali Barkad
Hasan Barkad
Camaar Barkad
Jaamac Barkad
Cali Barkad had three sons

Faahiye Cali (reer Faahiye Cali)
Ahmed Cali (reer Axmed Cali)
Naaleye Cali (reer Naaleeye)
Faahiye Cali had three sons:

Bayle Faahiye
Caweer Faahiye (reer Caweer)
Xildiid Faahiye (reer Xildiid)
Bayle faahiye had son Cumaar Bayle:

Cumaar Bayle had eight sons:

Nuux Cumaar (Reer Nuux)
Maxamed Cumaar (reer Xuseen)
Cabdale Cumaar (reer Cabdale)
Cali Cumaar
Xasan Cumaar
Xuseen Cumaar
jibriil Cumaar
Guuled Cumaar
Nuux Cumaar had six sons "Reer Nuux"

Cali Nuux (reer Cali nuux)
Diiriye Nuux
Liibaan nuux
Guuled Nuux
Dibjir Nuux
Daahiir Nuux
Cali Nuux had eight sons

Abokor cali (reer Abokor)
Wade Cali (reer Wade)
Rable Cali (reer Rable)
Magan Cali (reer Magan)
Ducaale Cali (reer Ducaale Cali)
Maxamuud Cali (reer Maxamuud Cali)
Axmed Cali (reer Axmed Cali)
Ibraahim (reer Ibraahim)
First Sacad Yoonis Caaqil was reer Nuux and still all Sacad Yoonis chief Caaqil is reer Nuux. The Present Sacad Yoonis Chief Caaqil is Saciid Xasan Cali (xuxuule).

Maxamed Sacad - Iidarays

Muse Samatar (largest group of the IIdarays)
Cabdi Samatar (split into Ba' Arab and Fiqi Egaal)
Reer Wacays
Iidarays are the original inhabitants of Ceelafweyn (Ceelafween), a town between Burco and Ceerigabo in Sanaag province of Somaliland. Mahammed Nuur (Fiqi Egaal) was the first man to build a home near the famous water basin in the town. The town now has a sizable popualtion of habar-jeclo clan members who originally lived in the mountains in the vicinity of Ceelafweyn. Iidarays also live in Ceerigabo, Burco, Dararweyne, and Xudun Area. There is a large diaspora population of Sacad Yoonis branches in the UK.


2, Maxamud sacad is divided two parts.


[edit] Musa Care

[edit] Has Three Sons
Ibrahim Muse, Hasan Muse and Damal Muse

Ibrahim Muse is the Largest section in Muse Care and his grandsons are 6

1- Jibriil Adan Fiqi 2- Muuse Adan Fiqi 3- Cali Adan Fiqi 4- Muxumed Adan Fiqi 5- CabdulRaxmaan Fiqi 6- Samane Fiqi


[edit] Damal Muse
1- Roble Damal == 2- Adan Damal ==


[edit] Habar Yoonis Sultans
The royal sub-clan (the one that provides the Sultans) of the Habar Yoonis are the Reer Sugule, who hail from the Caynanshe branch of the Habar Yoonis.

1- The first H.Y Sultan was Sultan Diiriye Suguule (1760-1840) 2- Sultaan Amaan Sultan Diiriye (1790-1854). 3- Sultaan Xirsi Sultan Amaan (1824-1879) 4- Sultaan Cawd sultan Diiriye (1830-1899)

In 1899 Sultan Cawd (Awd) was killed during a battle with the rival Daarood (Ogaden) tribe in western Ethiopia. There were 2 first cousins sultans each supported by different segments of the Habar Yoonis clan some Pro-Devrish and others opposed to it, the Pro-Devrish sultan Nuur A. Amaan eventually defeated his opponent Madar X. Amaan and for a period of 15 years him and his son held the sultantes, only after their death did the H.Y proclaimed him a sultan.

5- Sultaan Nuur Axmed Sultan Amaan (1844-1910)killed during the Devrish struggle. 6- Sultan Doolaal Sultan Nuur(1856-1917)also killed during the Devrish years. 7- Sultaan Madar Sultan Xirsi Amaan (1876-1938) 8- Sultaan Cali Sultan Madar (1900-1979) 9- Sultan Xirsi Qani (1916-1987) 10- Sultaan Yuusuf Sultan Xirsi Qani (1925-1991) 11- Sultaan Ciise sultan Xirsi Qani (1929-1999) 12- Sultan Cismaan Sultan Cali sultan Madar (b 1957) 13- Sultaan Maxamed Sultan Xirsi Qani (born 1967)


[edit] Idaares Abdalle
The oldest of the Abdalle Ismaciil sub-clan, who were also Sultans of the Habar Yoonis. Together with Reer Sugule (Current Emirs) they are known as "Reer Odweyne" after their town and where the Sultans reside.

Before 1960.

1-Shermaarke Saalax Baasha (1790-1861) the conqueror of Zaylac and the man who for the first time in Somali history brought Zaylac under the rule of Somalis, the first Somali Qadiif who in 1825 with 5 cannons and 60 H.Y musketeers took Zaylac and forced its Arab ruler Maxamed Al Baari out. He was accorded the title of Qadiif Al Soomaal by Cabdixamiid Baasha and was presented with two Arab and one Turkish slave women. The founder of what was referred to as the Government of Zaylac.

2- Sultaan Diiriye Suguule (1760-1844) the first H.Y sultan and the originator of over 30 Somali idioms and sayings.

3- Boqor Xirsi Amaan the warrior king (1823-1879) the first founder of centralized northern Somali state, the first sultan who ever imposed regulated tax on both the coast of Berbera and Bulaxaar, coining the Somali term of "sed boqortooyo" before 'cashuur' was even known. The only power the Persian recognized in Somalia in their bid to counter Siiciid Baraqash and the first Somali man to be referred to King Amaan by the Qajar Shaah of Iraan in 1857. Every year via his connection to Suur sultanates of Oman he received his Royal Presents from Persia. His wars against the Kuumbo in furthering his borders south west to Somali Galbeed and his legendary death in the battle with his cousin Guuleed Xaaji is a legend even among his enemies the Kuumubs:

Keysahaa aduun ina Amaan Koos Dhan Buu Heleye
Isba kii bani Israel ma hadin kamana yaabayne
Ragbuu keeno gali yidhi weysa soo kabiye
Ragow Kibirka waa lagu kufaa taana hala ogaado.
4- Sultaan Nuur Amaan (1844-1910) the first sultan who declared war against the British and gave shelter to the Dervish when all Kuumbu sultanates including Garaad Cali Garaad Maxamud (who sent a letter to the Brits crying for their help against what he called new religious fanatics, and who was killed as result), Sultaan Cali Shire, Boqor Osman mahamoud sided with the colonials. The first battle of the Devrish took place in Burco in 1899 when Sultan Nuur Amaan led the new devrish to Burco and later was forced to withdrew. Sultaan Nuur Amaan abondened his Sultanate for the cause and later was killed some say by the Devrish some say by some Kuumbu's.




6- Engineer Said Faarax (1910-1963) the first Somali civil engineer and a graduate of Edinburgh University class of 1933, the designer of Burco city roads and much of colonial infrastructures.

7- Maxamud Axmed Cali the Father of Somali education, the first modern Somali educator.

8- Xaaji Yuusuf Xaaji Aadan (1914-2005)(second Father of Somali Education, the first founder of Somali political party in Somaliland and pioneer of Somali education also the composer of the Somali national anthem.

9- Maxamed Naxar the first chairman of the SNL before Maxamed Xaaji Ibraahim Cigaal and among its founders.

10- Sayid Axmed Sheekh Muuse (1910-1979) the founder of the first religious party Xizbul Allah in 1957 and first Somali graduate of Azhar university and the author of Xizbulaah wa Xizbul Shaydaan.

11- Abdirahman Ahmed Ali (tuur) First Somaliland President


[edit] References

SOMALI ORIGINS FROM 10TH CENTURY

Somalia
THE SOMALIS: THEIR ORIGINS, MIGRATIONS, AND SETTLEMENT

Shaykh Abdulaziz Mosque, ninth century, Mogadishu
Courtesy R.W.S. Hudson
A paucity of written historical evidence forces the student of early Somalia to depend on the findings of archeology, anthropology, historical linguistics, and related disciplines. Such evidence has provided insights that in some cases have refuted conventional explanations of the origins and evolution of the Somali people. For example, where historians once believed that the Somalis originated on the Red Sea's western coast, or perhaps in southern Arabia, it now seems clear that the ancestral homeland of the Somalis, together with affiliated Cushite peoples, was in the highlands of southern Ethiopia, specifically in the lake regions. Similarly, the once-common notion that the migration and settlement of early Mus,lims followers of the Prophet Muhammad on the Somali coast in the early centuries of Islam had a significant impact on the Somalis no longer enjoys much academic support. Scholars now recognize that the Arab factor--except for the Somalis' conversion to Islam--is marginal to understanding the Somali past. Furthermore, conventional wisdom once held that Somali migrations followed a north-to-south route; the reverse of this now appears to be nearer the truth.
Increasingly, evidence places the Somalis within a wide family of peoples called Eastern Cushites by modern linguists and described earlier in some instances as Hamites. From a broader cultural-linguistic perspective, the Cushite family belongs to a vast stock of languages and peoples considered Afro-Asiatic. Afro-Asiatic languages in turn include Cushitic (principally Somali, Oromo, and Afar), the Hausa language of Nigeria, and the Semitic languages of Arabic, Hebrew, and Amharic. Medieval Arabs referred to the Eastern Cushites as the Berberi.
In addition to the Somalis, the Cushites include the largely nomadic Afar (Danakil), who straddle the Great Rift Valley between Ethiopia and Djibouti; the Oromo, who have played such a large role in Ethiopian history and in the 1990s constituted roughly one-half of the Ethiopian population and were also numerous in northern Kenya; the Reendille (Rendilli) of Kenya; and the Aweera (Boni) along the Lamu coast in Kenya. The Somalis belong to a subbranch of the Cushites, the Omo-Tana group, whose languages are almost mutually intelligible. The original home of the Omo-Tana group appears to have been on the Omo and Tana rivers, in an area extending from Lake Turkana in present-day northern Kenya to the Indian Ocean coast.
The Somalis form a subgroup of the Omo-Tana called Sam. Having split from the main stream of Cushite peoples about the first half of the first millennium B.C., the proto-Sam appear to have spread to the grazing plains of northern Kenya, where protoSam communities seem to have followed the Tana River and to have reached the Indian Ocean coast well before the first century A.D. On the coast, the proto-Sam splintered further; one group (the Boni) remained on the Lamu Archipelago, and the other moved northward to populate southern Somalia. There the group's members eventually developed a mixed economy based on farming and animal husbandry, a mode of life still common in southern Somalia. Members of the proto-Sam who came to occupy the Somali Peninsula were known as the so-called Samaale, or Somaal, a clear reference to the mythical father figure of the main Somali clan-families, whose name gave rise to the term Somali.
The Samaale again moved farther north in search of water and pasturelands. They swept into the vast Ogaden (Ogaadeen) plains, reaching the southern shore of the Red Sea by the first century A.D. German scholar Bernd Heine, who wrote in the 1970s on early Somali history, observed that the Samaale had occupied the entire Horn of Africa by approximately 100 A.D.
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Somalia
Coastal Towns
The expansion into the peninsula as far as the Red Sea and Indian Ocean put the Somalis in sustained contact with Persian and Arab immigrants who had established a series of settlements along the coast. From the eighth to the tenth centuries, Persian and Arab traders were already engaged in lucrative commerce from enclaves along the Red Sea and Indian Ocean as far south as the coast of present-day Kenya. The most significant enclave was the renowned medieval emporium of Saylac on the Gulf of Aden. In the sixteenth century, Saylac became the principal outlet for trade in coffee, gold, ostrich feathers, civet, and Ethiopian slaves bound for the Middle East, China, and India. Over time Saylac emerged as the center of Muslim culture and learning, famed for its schools and mosques. Eventually it became the capital of the medieval state of Adal, which in the sixteenth century fought off Christian Ethiopian domination of the highlands. Between 1560 and 1660, Ethiopian expeditions repeatedly harried Saylac, which sank into decay. Berbera replaced Saylac as the northern hub of Islamic influence in the Horn of Africa. By the middle of the sixteenth century, Saylac and Berbera had become dependencies of the sharifs of Mocha and in the seventeenth century passed to the Ottoman Turks, who exercised authority over them through locally recruited Somali governors.
The history of commercial and intellectual contact between the inhabitants of the Arabian and Somali coasts may help explain the Somalia's connection with the Prophet Muhammad. Early in the Prophet's ministry, a band of persecuted Muslims had, with the Prophet's encouragement, fled across the Red Sea into the Horn of Africa. There the Muslim's were afforded protection by the Ethiopian negus, or king. Thus, Islam may have been introduced into the Horn of Africa well before the faith took root in its Arabian native soil. The large-scale conversion of the Somalis had to await the arrival in the eleventh, twelfth, and thirteenth centuries of Muslim patriarchs, in particular, the renowned Shaykh Daarood Jabarti and Shaykh Isahaaq, or Isaaq. Daarood married Doombira Dir, the daughter of a local patriarch. Their issue gave rise to the confederacy that forms the largest clan-family (see Glossary) in Somalia, the Daarood. For his part, Shaykh Isaaq founded the numerous Isaaq clan-family in northern Somalia. Along with the clan (see Glossary) system of lineages (see Glossary), the Arabian shaykhs probably introduced into Somalia the patriarchal ethos and patrilineal genealogy typical of Indo-Europeans, and gradually replaced the indigenous Somali social organization, which, like that of many other African societies, may have been matrilineal (see The Segmentary Social Order , ch. 2).
Islam's penetration of the Somali coast, along with the immigration of Arabian elements, inspired a second great population movement reversing the flow of migration from northward to southward. This massive movement, which ultimately took the Somalis to the banks of the Tana River and to the fertile plains of Harear, in Ethiopia, commenced in the thirteenth century and continued to the nineteenth century. At that point, European interlopers appeared on the East African scene, ending Somali migration onto the East African plateau.
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Somalia
Emergence of Adal
In addition to southward migration, a second factor in Somali history from the fifteenth century onward was the emergence of centralized state systems. The most important of these in medieval times was Adal, whose influence at the height of its power and prosperity in the sixteenth century extended from Saylac, the capital, through the fertile valleys of the Jijiga and the Harer plateau to the Ethiopian highlands. Adal's fame derived not only from the prosperity and cosmopolitanism of its people, its architectural sophistication, graceful mosques, and high learning, but also from its conflicts with the expansionist Ethiopians. For hundreds of years before the fifteenth century, goodwill had existed between the dominant new civilization of Islam and the Christian neguses of Ethiopia. One tradition holds that Muhammad blessed Ethiopia and enjoined his disciples from ever conducting jihad (holy war) against the Christian kingdom in gratitude for the protection early Muslims had received from the Ethiopian negus. Whereas Muslim armies rapidly overran the more powerful empires of Persia and Byzantium soon after the birth of Islam, there was no jihad against Christian Ethiopia for centuries. The forbidding Ethiopian terrain of deep gorges, sharp escarpments, and perpendicular massifs that rise more than 4,500 meters also discouraged the Muslims from attempting a campaign of conquest against so inaccessible a kingdom.
Muslim-Christian relations soured during the reign of the aggressive Negus Yeshaq (ruled 1414-29). Forces of his rapidly expanding empire descended from the highlands to despoil Muslim settlements in the valley east of the ancient city of Harer. Having branded the Muslims "enemies of the Lord," Yeshaq invaded the Muslim Kingdom of Ifat in 1415. He crushed the armies of Ifat and put to flight in the wastes along the Gulf of Tadjoura (in present-day Djibouti) Ifat's king Saad ad Din. Yeshaq followed Saad ad Din to the island off the coast of Saylac (which still bears his name), where the Muslim king was killed. Yeshaq compelled the Muslims to offer tribute, and also ordered his singers to compose a gloating hymn of thanksgiving for his victory. In the hymn's lyrics, the word Somali appears for the first time in written record.
By the sixteenth century, the Muslims had recovered sufficiently to break through from the east into the central Ethiopian highlands. Led by the charismatic Imam Ahmad Guray (1506-43), the Muslims poured into Ethiopia, using scorched-earth tactics that decimated the population of the country. A Portuguese expedition led by Pedro da Gama, a son of Vasco da Gama who was looking for the Prester John of medieval European folklore--a Christian, African monarch of vast dominions--arrived from the sea and saved Ethiopia. The joint Portuguese-Ethiopian force used cannon to route the Muslims, whose imam died on the battlefield.
Somalia
Mogadishu and Its Banaadir Hinterlands
In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the southern city of Mogadishu became Somalia's most important city. Mogadishu, Merca, and Baraawe, had been major Somali coastal towns in medieval times. Their origins are unknown, but by the fourteenth century travelers were mentioning the three towns more and more as important centers of urban ease and learning. Mogadishu, the largest and most prosperous, dates back at least to the ninth century, when Persian and Arabian immigrants intermingled with Somali elements to produce a distinctive hybrid culture. The meaning of Mogadishu's name is uncertain. Some render it as a Somali version of the Arabic "maqad shah," or "imperial seat of the shah," thus hinting at a Persian role in the city's founding. Others consider it a Somali mispronunciation of the Swahili "mwyu wa" (last northern city), raising the possibility of its being the northernmost of the chain of Swahili city-states on the East African coast. Whatever its origin, Mogadishu was at the zenith of its prosperity when the well-known Arab traveler Ibn Batuta appeared on the Somali coast in 1331. Ibn Batuta describes "Maqdashu" as "an exceedingly large city" with merchants who exported to Egypt and elsewhere the excellent cloth made in the city.
Through commerce, proselytization, and political influence, Mogadishu and other coastal commercial towns influenced the Banaadir hinterlands (the rural areas outlying Mogadishu) in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Evidence of that influence was the increasing Islamization of the interior by sufis (Muslim mystics) who emigrated upcountry, where they settled among the nomads, married local women, and brought Islam to temper the random violence of the inhabitants.
By the end of the sixteenth century, the locus of intercommunication shifted upland to the well-watered region between the Shabeelle and Jubba rivers. Evidence of the shift of initiative from the coast to the interior may be found in the rise between 1550 and 1650 of the Ujuuraan (also seen as Ajuuraan) state, which prospered on the lower reaches of the interriverine region under the clan of the Gareen. The considerable power of the Ujuuraan state was not diminished until the Portuguese penetration of the East African coast in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Among Somali towns and cities, only Mogadishu successfully resisted the repeated depredations of the Portuguese.
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BEESHA CABAS MUUSE FARAX IYO DEEGAMADOODA BARO

Beesha cabaas Muuse Iyo beesha Magadle,iyo gobolka sanaag maxaa kala heesto is diwaangelinta.somaaliland_?

gobolka ay degaan beesha cabuus muuse iyo beesha magdle marka la fiiriyo caasimada cerigaabo iyo tuuloyinkoda beeshan oo loo yaqaano ama dadka deganka ay u yaqanaan magacweyn oo caan ku ah (beesha ugar)_

ugu dabeentin waxaa ku soo af jarnay ileen hadalka laguma tunto waxaa lee nahay in_(beesha ugar )_ ay indhaha furto oo la jaan qaado walaalaha ay degaanka wada degaan sida owgeed waxa wada ognahay in beesha cabaas muuse ee degan sida hoos ku xusan.

Gobolka sanaaag

• Casimada Gobalka cerigaabo iyo tuloyinka hosyimada

• Dagmada Laaasqoray iyo tuloyinka hosyimada

• Degmada baran iyo tuloyinka hosyimada

• Tuulada Mushxaleed

• Tuulada xabashawacle

• Tuulada hadaftimo

• Tuulada yuube

waxaa kalo jiro kuwa kale oo aan hadaa soo qadan oo isla markaana ku saleesan degaanada hoos yimidaada jamuriyada soomaaliland..



Beesha cumar muuse waxa ay dagtaa daganada

Gobalka bari

• Casimad gobalka bosaaso iyo tuuloyinka hosyimada

• Dagmada qandla iyo tuloyinka hosyimada

• Dagmada iskushuban iyo tuloyinka hosyimada

• Dagmada caluula iyo tuloyinka hosyimada

• Tulaada Xaafuun

Beesha cabaas Muuse Iyo beesha Magadle waxa ay degtaa

BEESHA CABAS MUUSE MAR AAN TAGAY HARGEEYSA WAXAAN SOO OGAADAY IN AY DAGAN YIHIIN WOOQOOYIGA SIIBA MAGALADA SHEEKH EE DARIIQADA.

SUURAHA BADAN EE XAMAR KA QAXAY WAA IN AY RAADSHAAN BEESHAN SURRE EE ISKA LUNTAY, SIIBA KUWA HADA JOOGA HARGEEYSA WAA IN AY U YEERAN OO LA SHIRAAN KUWAN JOOGA MAGALADA SHEEKH.

GUUL SUURE

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