Thursday, August 16, 2018

Xildhibaanada Beesha Surre Dir ee Galmudug Baarlamaanka U fadhiya iyo Deeganada ay Ka Soo Galaan- Surre Dir and their MP's in Galmudug State

Cabdiwali Aadan Cabdi


Cabdirizaaq Xuseen Maxamuud
Bashiir Axmed Xuseen
Surre/Cabdalla Saleebaan Reer Agoon

Guddoomiye ku xigeenka 1-aad ee baarlamaanka Galmudug Xareed Cali Xareed-Surre /Qubeys Galgacyo

Cabdiwali Aadan Cabdi
Cabdirizaaq Xuseen Maxamuud
Bashiir Axmed Xuseen
Surre/Cabdalla Saleebaan
Xareed Cali Xareed
Surre /Qubeys
Canab Maxamed Cosoble
Cabdullahi Xersi Maxamed
Surre /Qubeys

C/naasir Axmed Yuusuf
Surre/ Qubeys

C/qani Aadan Garagaar
Surre / Cabdalle

See the source image

Odey Reer Ciise Madoobe declaring they are Dir- Odey Ciisa ah oo Carab nimo Diidan oo Gadabuursi sheegaya in Walaakood yahay

Odey Ciisa ah oo beenenaya sheek been ahayd oo bari Habar Awal iyo Ciisa Sameyeen oo ay Gadabuursiga kula dagaalamyeen. Odeyga Ciise wuxuu sheegayaa in uu Madoobe Dir yahay oo Gadbuursi yaraankiis yahay beesha Mandaluug Dir

Somaliland- Oromo ayaa la wareegeysa Ma Run baa

Jigjiga iyo Soo dhawenta Ugaaska Gadabuurs Diri oo dhan- oo ay Soo dhaweeyeen Ugaasyada Gurre / Akisho/ Garri iyo Cuqaal Kale

Ugaaska Beesha Gadabuursi oo ay Soo dhaweyeen Ugaasyo iyo Salaadin kale oo  ay Ka mid yihiin Ugaaska Beesha Gurre iyo Ugaas Odawaa Beesha Akisho iyo Ugaaska beesha Garri.

Waa Farxad in Ugaasyada Beesha Gurre iyo Akisho ay Is xilqaameen oo ay soo daweyeen Ugaaska Madanluug Dir Gadabuursi waana ii Faraxad  anigoo ka Soo jeeda beel weyn Dir Koonfur in aad arko kal gacalka iyo lashaqeeynta ay Dir Cowslafil ka muujinayaan Jigjiga.

Saxaafada Carabta oo Sheegtay in Axmed Gurey Dir Yahay Kana Soo jeeday Gadbuursi Dir Dhageeyso Share

Safarkii Madaxweyn Geel iyo Madaxweynah Somalia ee Geel ku Balan Qaaday Dib u Dhiska magalada Deefow

Safar taariikhi ayaa waxaa maanta ku tagay degmada Beledweyne ee xarunta gobolka Hiiraan wafdi

Dir Girl Clad In Somali Flag

Ahmed Shide 's Biography and History - Education and Job Experience Honorable A. Shide Hails from the Dir Somali Clan

Ahmed Shide named chairman of the Somali region ruling party

Ahmed Shide named chairman of the Somali region ruling party

The Ethiopian-Somali People’s Democratic Party (ESPDP) elected the minister of government communications affairs office Ahmed Shide, as chairman, replacing Abdi Mohamoud Omar (Abdi Iley), who was removed from the region’s presidency role few days ago.
Completing its three day party meeting and deep evaluation session, ESPDP has chosen to replace Abdi Iley with Ahmed Shide, the state-linked Fana Broadcasting Corporate reported.
Abdi Iley was a controversial figure who has faced multiple accusations of human rights abuses. The Somali region’s former finance and economic development head Ahmed Abdi Mohamed “Ilkacase” has replaced him as a president. In earlier reports, it was said that Abdi Iley would remain chairperson of the ESPDP and would keep his residence in Jijiga, which have proved to be untrue. There are demands that he stands trial, it is unclear whether that would happen or not.
Ahmed Shide was appointed as communication affairs minister on April 2018 by Abiy Ahmed. Before that, he served as transport minister from November 2016 to April 2018. He was also state minister of finance and economic development of Ethiopia from 2009 to 2016.
Ahmed has earned post graduate diploma in rural resource management and conflict resolution from Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, Netherlands and master’s degree in public participation, development and social progress from Salex University of Briton, UK.
He has served in the Somali region in various roles, such as chairman of pastoral affairs committee of from March 2003 to September 2004, head of the president office from September 2004 to October 2005, and head of civil service improvement bureau from October 2005 to September 2006.
(Main Image: Ahmed Shide.)

1 Minster of Transport: Ahmed Shide

Region: Ethiopian Somali

Academic Background: 

Post Graduate Diploma in Rural Resource Management and Conflict Resolution from Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, Netherlands.

Masters Degree in Public Participation, Development and Social Progress from Salex University of Briton, United Kingdom

Masters Degree in Business Administration from International Business Greenwich University, London, United Kingdom
Bachelor Degree in Economics from Ethiopian Civil Service University
On Job Experience:

From December 1998 to September 1999, Senior Economist at Ethiopian Somali Regional State Planning and Economic Development Bureau
From September 1999 to May 2002, Investment Bureau Head of Ethiopian Somali Regional State

From March 2003 to September 2004, Chairman of Pastoral Affairs Committee of Ethiopian Somali Regional State
From September 2004 to October 2005, Head of the President Office of the Ethiopian Somali Regional State
From October 2005 to September 2006, Head of Civil Service Improvement Bureau of Ethiopian Somali Regional State
From September 2006 to March 2009, General Secretary of the Ethiopian Somali People Democratic Party
From September 2006 to June 2009, Head of Pastoral and Rural Development Bureau of Ethiopian Somali Regional State
Senior Advisor to President of the Ethiopian Somali Regional State
Deputy Head of Agriculture and Rural Development Bureau of Ethiopian Somali Regional State
State Minster of the Ministry of Finance an Economic Cooperation since November 2009
2  Minster of Urban Development and Housing,
Ambachew Mekonnen (PhD)
Region: Amhara
Academic Background:
BA Degree in Economics from Ethiopian Civil Service University
Masters Degree in Public Policy and Economic from KDI School of Public Policy and Management, South Korea
Masters Degree (MSC) in International Finance and Economic Development from Kent University, United Kingdom
PhD in Economics from Kent University, United Kingdom
On Job Experience:
From 1991 to 1995, Woreda Administrator
From 1998 to 2001 Head of Amhara Regional State Management Institute
From 2002 to 2005, Head of the Amhara People Democratic Movement Central Committee
From 2012 to 2013 General Director of the Amhara Rehabilitation and Development
From 2014 to 2015 Head of the Amhara Regional State Industry and Urban Development Bureau
Minster of Ethiopian Ministry of Construction since 2016    ------,_Somali_(woreda)
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Gurra Clan in Ethiopia’s Somali Region 

The Somali region of Ethiopia is one the 9 regional sates that form the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. It is composed of three layers of administrative structures: namely nine zones, 52 woredas and about a thousand kebeles (the lowest government administrative units). The region has a total population of 4.2 million according to 2007 population census report (CSA 2007). The Gurra clan lives in three woredas namely- Gurra Dhamole, Goro-Baqaqsa and Qarsa Dulla. These weredas are administratively among eight weredas that constitute Afdheer zone in the most southern tip of the region bordering southern Somalia and Kenya. 

Gurra Clan in Ethiopia’s Somali Region

The three districts climate is hot and dry with average temperatures ranging from 26 to 30°c. However, Guradhamole can be quite chilly at night as it’s situated at the very foot Dhamole and Habrona Mountains in a narrow valley. In the three districts, two rainy seasons generally occur, the long rains (Gu’) of late March to early June, and the short rains Deyr) of late September to early November. Average yearly rainfall is estimated to range from 600mm-1000mm. 1000 being a good year for the areas neighbouring Bale highlands like in Guradhamole capital, Harodibe.

The three districts cover two ecological zones: the low altitude arid and semi arid, and the mild temperate zones. The arid and semi-arid areas at low altitude of 500 to 800 meters above sea level (ASL) are by far the most predominant and comprise roughly 80 percent of the total land area. The mild temprate zones cover areas bordering Bale Mountains in Guradhamole werda. There are dozens of perennial and seasonal rivers that flow throughout the zone. These are: Genale, Web and tributaries of Genale like Dumal, Mana, Welmal, Dayu and Doya.

Population features and clan composition

The inhabitants of the three districts are ethnically Somalis and it has a mix population of nomadic transhumant pastoralists, agro-pastoralists and petty traders. The latter are mostly returnees who came back home from Somalia republic after 1991change of government In Ethiopia and civil strife in the former. However, pastoralist livelihoods constitute about 90% in Guradhamole while Gorobaqaqsa can be considered a pastoral district with a very small population in the capital and few other settlements like Hargadab and Hagarmoqor. Guradhamole has fast growing agro-pastoral groups due to its rain fall and proxy to other agro-pastoral groups in Oromia neighbouring districts like Harodumal and Dallo-mena where significant Gura clan members reside and practice mixed farming.

The population of the three districts is 113,862 according Central Statistics Authority census of 2007. Qarsadulla is a newly recognized district which has a grate potential for dry land farming providing that basic infrastructure such as roads are developed. Pastoralsim is the main livelihood of the people in the district. However, Guradhamole wereda population census have serious flaw according to local administration and clan leaders and felt far from representing the actual population which puts in doubt the legitimacy of census. The claim is a large portion of the wereda population has not been counted due to the erroneous map that was used by Central Census Authority.

There is no reliable data of livestock population in Somali region as whole besides mere estimates. So in the three weredas according to elders each Gura household have on average 20 camels, 10 cattle and 50 Shoats. Therefore, total livestock estimates are 378,860 camels, 189,430 cattle and 947,150 Shoats.

Clan compositions in the three weredas (districts)

The clan composition inhibited in the three weredas is Gurra which is majority clan that belongs to Somali wider Dir family. There are also minority Somali clans like Dhaweyd, Adjuran , Karinlle and Asharaaf. Some of the clans including Gurra are bilingual communities that speak both Oromo and Somali languages of the eastern Cushitic linguistic families.

Historical events

Major events in the three weredas from the time of Emperor Menilik expansion towards the south and east, are related to resource and way of life protection wars. Around 1887 Guras along with other Siko-Menda clans fought the expansionist Emperor Menilik army at Magaalo near a well known Sofi-Omar cave. Particularly, Gura suffered heavy causalities from the modern weapons used by their opponents weakening severely their military capability. There was also long standing pastoral conflicts with a branch of Ogadeni clans over livestock raiding mainly camels recorded according to Gura oral history that caused displacement and migration from grazing land and sorghum farms in the Bakol valley.

The three weredas also shares and has a long history of insurgency resistance and popular movements that highly influenced its history with Ethiopian state. The popular Bale up raises known as Ijoole Bale (The Children’s of Bale) and the subsequent Liberation movements by joint effort of Somali and Oromo groups supported by Somali republic can be sighted as an example. 1964-1979 –Ethio-Somali contestations and wars over territory has marked the history of the clan and the adjacent areas. This era is known as the era of fire arms. For example the brand of arms introduced to the area gets its name for that decade, Jaan Cadde, Dhoobir, AK etc..

1991 – 2009 with the change of Government in Ethiopia marks special historical venue in the Gurra clan area. Huge population of returnees coming to the area from Somalia refugee camps and the introduction of Federal system in Ethiopia constitute contemporary history.

On the other, ethnic based administrative regions establishment brought both opportunities and challenges to the people of Gurra as also true for other communities in Ethiopia. The federal system provides opportunities to self rule that many sacrificed their dear life for it and introduced social services unknown to inhabitants in their history. In the process of constituting Federal system that resulted in turn the disintegration of old identities and reconstitution of new ones some violent conflicts affected the Gurra clan relations with clans that they used share common pastoral resources.

Minister of Government Communication Affairs Office

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