Saturday, June 4, 2011

Midgaan Yibir Tumaal Groups Somali Caste Groups


Each is connected as clients, former slaves, or servants to a noble clan group. They include the Kuulbeer, Hildid, Khayr, Hubane, Aden, Aarsade, Howie, Afarta Ganbar, Gaakaab, Madaraale, Magtal, Omar, Hussein and others scattered all over the Somali regions, including Ethiopia, Kenya and the broader Somali diaspora. The Midgan constitute the largest Somali outcaste family, and its subclans include the Madhiban, Maxamed Gargaarte, Muuse-Darye, Tumaal, Yibir, Howle, Mahaad-Bare, and, according to SIMA, hidden others.

Kuulbeer amoung Duduble and Dhulbahante. Also memebers of Bah Gari Ogaden. This is Tubeec's clan

Xawaadle amoung them is Yaxye Salax considered Yaxar or Midgaan. note related to The Majertain Arab Salax and Yaxye Salax.

Amoung the Ogaden are Gagaab considered midgan who are of Ceyr Habargidir origin

Amoung Galjecle are the Barbarow who are despiced after refusing and expedition against the Warday.

Brief Source List

Adam, H.M. Mending Rips in the Sky: Lawrenceville, NJ (RSP), 1997.
Abdullahi, M.D. Minorities of Somalia: Victims Forgotten Amid War and Chaos.
Bana, M.B. The Minority Groups of Somalia: A Sociolinguistic History, MI (BP) 20002.
Canadian Immigration and Refugee Board, “Victims and Vulnerable Groups in Southern Somalia, Ottawa, May 1995, May 1999, and May 2001.
Eno, Oma A, “The Untold Apartheid Imposed on the Bantu/Jareer People in Somalia”, Adam, Op Cit.
Goldsmith, K.L.G. “A Preliminary Investigation of the Blood Group of the “Sab” Bondsman of N. Somaliland”, Man I, VIII.
Helender, B. “Clanship, Kinship and community Among the Rahanweyn”, Adam, Op Cit.
Kirk, J.W.C. A Grammar of the Somali Language and Dialects, Cambridge, 1905.
Lewis, I.M. A Pastoral Democracy, (Oxford) 1982.
Lewis, I.M. Blood and Bone: The Call of Kinship in Somali Society, Lawrenceville, NJ, (RSP) 1994.
Lewis, I.M. Peoples of the Horn of Africa, Lawrenceville, NJ, (RSP) 1998.
Nur, M.A. Clan, Class and Caste in Somalia, MN, (SWP), 2000.
Omar, A.M. “Aspects of the Somali Tribal System,” Adam, Op Cit.
Samad, AA. “Minority and Outcaste Groups in Somalia.”
Samad, A.A. “Somalia Asylum Claims Based Upon Minority and Outcaste Status in N. America and Europe.
Azhar, A. Background and Current Status of Somali Outcaste Groups, MN, (SIMA), 2001.

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