Wednesday, May 23, 2012

Liiska magacyada odayaasha dhaqanka ee Muqdisho ku shiraya

May 6, 2012

"Dar Alle looma duubine Daash ayaa lagu Dumin Rabaa"

"Garama oo kala baxa"



Somalia faces acid test ahead of new order

Abdirashid Hashi, Daily Nation | 12 May 2012

On a political path strewn with obstacles and dangers, Somalia stands at a new crossroads.

The term of the current Transitional Federal Institutions ends in three months and everybody is wondering what will come next.

Elections are not possible, so Somali politicians and their UN-led international backers have agreed that traditional tribal elders will lead the next phase in the transition process.

But questions remain over who exactly represents Somali clans, and any mistakes in naming them have the potential to unravel the significant political and security progress that has been made so far.

Over the next two months, traditional elders will be the most important actors in Somali politics.

Instead of foreigners or politicians appointing the next members of parliament, 135 genuine tribal chiefs would exercise those powers.

The elders are tasked with doing two things. They will select an 825-member Constituent Assembly, which in turn, will debate and adopt the new constitution.

They will also appoint the incoming 225 or 275 Somali parliamentarians. Parliament, in turn, will elect Somalia’s next president.

But there is a caveat; these leaders must be uncontested and recognised elders.

The selection process and commissioning of these elders could usher in a new dawn or send Somalia sliding back into chaos.

General expectation

On the whole, traditional elders are well-respected by their clans and most are anointed for their integrity, impartiality and cultural acumen.

The general expectation, if the process is not manipulated, is that these chiefs will select credible and competent political representatives.

On the other hand, if politicians with personal agenda corrupt the process and empower phony clan elders, these imposters could sell seats in parliament to the highest bidder.

The whole enterprise of ending Somalia’s dysfunctional transition and ushering in a more progressive political era would then be futile.

Any resulting institutions would lack legitimacy, and the strife-torn country could enter a new era of uncertainty, if not full scale disorder.

This need not happen, and the international community has both the obligation and the ability to make sure that the process is neither hijacked nor tarnished unnecessarily.

The process of assembling these traditional elders in Mogadishu is already under way.

What is needed is that the government, or those doing the inviting, must publish the list of the 135 traditional elders. They must be genuine representatives of Somali communities.

Most Somali clans have uncontested and recognised traditional elders, so the selection or invitation criteria should be transparent. But there is another important consideration.

Some elders will not be able to assume their new responsibilities due to poor health, indifference to politics or for reasons of inaccessibility, certainly if they live in Al Shabaab-controlled areas.

In these cases, there must be clear criteria to establish the validity of clan leaders who replace elders who are unable, or unwilling, to take part.

In some instances, clans do not have agreed-upon traditional leaders. How they will be represented in the conference of elders and their deliberations should be explained in advance.

The issue of who should represent communities in Somaliland is another important question. Elders from Somaliland might not want to come to Mogadishu due to government blockage or because they don’t want to. How then will Somaliland MPs be selected?

To address the need for transparency and establish the vital buy-in of the public, a joint Somali and international monitoring and verification committee should be set up.

This small and specialised committee could consist of a representative from the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, for instance the British ambassador; a representative of the OIC, like Turkey’s ambassador to Somalia; an Arab League representative, say from the United Arab Emirates; and four respected Somali civil society and/or political leaders.

The team’s main task would be to check the credentials of, and endorse, the 135 traditional elders as well as the overall integrity of the process to end the transition.

It would work like traditional election monitoring committees, and could present written recommendations on how to overcome technical problems.

Another important consideration in the transition process is the adoption of the new constitution.

The international community invested heavily in the preparation of this document, but most Somali people either don’t care about, or don’t like, the whole constitution drafting process.

This lack of enthusiasm is due to the poor communication strategy of the Somali government and its UN backers.

In terms of content and quality, the draft constitution is an improvement of the current contradiction-ridden transitional charter, but many citizens are pessimistic.

New constitution

There is a Somali proverb that says “a man who dons his garment in an odd way comes across as though he is hiding something”.

The constitution and the constitution-making process suffer from a similar prejudice. The new basic law has been getting bad press from many quarters.

It is high time that its sponsors stopped ignoring the backlash and began actively engaging the Somali public.

It is also important to restore public confidence by dispelling misinformation and distortion about the draft constitution.

Somalia sorely needs a new political apparatus, but the process that leads to it has to be fair and transparent – the selection of the traditional elders is the litmus test.

The writer is the International Crisis Group’s Somalia analyst

Digil iyo Mirifle Traditional Elders List

Yusuf AbdiyowEelaay

Malaaq Xasanow CumurowHariin

Mohamuud Xasanow MacalinLeysaan

Macallin Cali BarreJaroon

Xaaji Xasan Gaale Nuunow (wakiil)Haraaw

Malaaq Madey MalaaqMacalin weyne

Malaaq Malabow Malaaq XasanGarwaale

Sheekh Aadan GardhuubReer Dumaal

Sheekh Aamin BarwaaniEimid

Malaaq Deerow Malaaq YacquubDisow

Kuusow Maxamed Maxamuud (Wakiil)Qoomaal

Shariif MuxidiinAsharaaf

Malaaq Cali ShiineWaanjeel

Osman Ibdiyo EnowHeledle

Malaaq Maxamuud Maxamed CabdiHadame

Malaaq Isaaq Ibraahim XuseenLuwaay

Ibraahim Macallin Ali (Wakiil)Geelidle

Hassan Buule Abdulle (Wakiil)Jilible

Malaaq Xasan ShuuriHubeer

Cabdirashiid Sheekh CabdisalaamYantaar

Ahmed Aadan LaamowGowaabwiin

Maxamed Cali XussenGasaaragud

Malaaq Cabdulqaadir Aadan MataanEeyle

Siidow MaadowShanta Caleemood

Cusmaan Axmed CabdiGeledi

Suldaan Faqi Saciid FaqiTunni

Suldaan Buube Suldaan Abdalla BuubeBagadi

Warsame Ibraahin Caliyow IbrowJiide

Aadan Ali Macalin BaninGare

Siidey Xaaji Maxamed NuurDabare
Daarood Traditional Elders List

Suldaan Cabdi Suldaan Cali SokorMaxamed Subeer

Suldaan Faarax Suldaan Cusman (Nageeye)Maqaabul

Ugaas Hussein Ugaas Cismaan (Nur)Tolomooge

Ugaas Maxamed Ugaas Hassan (Shangolow)Bahgari

Ugaas Cumar Ugaas XiireeyCawlyahan

Ugaas Cabdulqaadir Ugaas Cusmaan Ugaas AadenBartire

Suldaan Maxamed Axmed Cabdulle Suldaan Burtinle -Awrtable

Ugaas Xasan Ugaas YaasiinDashiishle

Garaad Jaamac Garaad CaliDhulbahante

Garaad Saleebaan Garaad MaxamedDhulbahante

Ugaas C.llaahi Ciise NuurDhulbahante

Garaad C.llaahi Soofe DuraanDhulbahante

Maxamuud Ugaas AxmedLeelkase

Suldaan Subeyr Xaaji MaxamuudLeelkase

Sultan Saciid Sultan Cabdisalan Sultan CaliWarsangeli

Suldaan Maxamed Cabdullaahi CartanWarsangeli

Burhaan Boqor MuuseCismaan Maxamuud

Islaan Bashiir Islaan CabdulleCumar Maxamuud

Suldaan Saciid Maxamed GaraaseCiise Maxamuud

Beeldaaje Jaamac Cabdullahi BeeldajeCali Saleebaan

Beeldaaje Ismaaciil Beeldaaje Yaasiin BeeldaajeSuwaaqroon

Suldaan Cabdiqani Suldaan Xasan Xaaji Cali BaalleReer Baciidyahan

Beeldaaje Cali Beeldaaje Faarax Beeldaaje MaxamuudCali Jibraìil

Ugaas Mohamed Ugaas Hashi Ugaas HirsiMareexaan

Nabaddoon Cabdulle Cabdi IbraahinMareexaan – Hawraarsame

Hussein Deer Caddaawe / Mohamed Hassan YarowMareexaan – Reer Xasan

Ibrahin Mohamed AadenMareexaan – Uurmidig

Axmed Barre Cali XaabbuunMareexaan – Galgaduud

Sheekh Hassan HusseinMareexaan -

Hassan Cilmi (Xasan Yare)Mareexaan – Galgaduud
Hawiye Traditional Elders List

Ugaas Saciid Ugaas Maxamed CarabDuduble

Jaamac Rooble SabriyeDuduble

Ugaas Cabdullaahi Ugaas Xaashi Ugaas FaracaddeMurusade

Maxamed Axmed YalaxawMurusade

Xasan Axmed SabriyeMurusade

Suldaan Maxamed Suldaan Muuse Xaaji LugolooxSheekhaal

Faarax Ugaas MuuminXawaadle

Nabaddoon Cali Maxamed OosbitoXawaadle

Axmed Cabdi CaalinXawaadle

Maxamuud Cabdullaahi YuusufXawaadle

Imaam Maxamed Yusuf CaliMudulood

Ugaas Maxamud Cali UgaasMudulood

Xuseen Guure CalasowMudulood

Cabdi Abshir GuddeMudulood

Maxamed Cabdi ShiddoMudulood

Ugaas Cumar Ugaas Cismaan Ugaas CilmiMudulood

Warsame Ali SuuleeyMudulood

Ugaas Mire Maxamed DucaaleSaruur

Ugaas Xasan Ugaas MaxamedCayr

Ugaas Cabdullaahi Ugaas FaaraxSaleebaan

Nabaddoon Axmed Diiriye CaliSaleebaan

Maxamuud Axmed Aaden CaddaaweSacad

Garaad Aadan Cilmi QoorweyneSacad

Maxamed Axmed Xasan / Ugaas Xuseen Maxamed DaudSilcis

Islow Abukar Islow XasanWadalaan

Ugaas Cabdiraxman Ugaas Cabdullaahi Ugaas MuxamadGaaljecel

Cabdi Xuseen CabdulleDagoodi

Islaw Maxamed Wabar Axmed Wabar CabdiBaadicadde

Islaw Cabdinasir Ugaas Nuurre Ugaas CismaanJiidle

Wabar Geedi Wabar Xasan Wabar KutubowJijeelle
Dir Traditional Elders List

Suldaan Cabdillaahi Kibaar FaaraxSamaroon

Nabadoon Abiib Maxamed MaxamuudSamaroon

Suldaan Mohamed Aadan AshkirSamaroon

Suldaan Diiriye Geelle CaliSamaroon

Caaqil Idriis Jaamac CiiltireCiise

Caaqil Maxamuud Jaamac Boqorre (wakiil)Ciise

Caaqil Maxamuud Ibraahin SahalCiise

Feysal Boodhle Caddaawe (wakiil)Ciise

Suldaan Maxamed CabdulqaadirCidagale

Boqor Raabi JilaalCidagale

Suldaan Maxamed Suldaan Xasan BulbulHabar Yonis

Suldaan Maxamed Suldaan Xirsi QaniHabar Yonis

Suldaan Xamid Aadan MataanHabar Yoonis

Suldaan Xuseen Cabdi CabdullaahiArab

Suldaan Xuseen Suldaan Xaaji CabdillaahiArab

Suldaan Xasan Ibraahin IsmaaciilHabar Awal

Suldaan Maxamed Aadan Sheikh (Ciise Muuse)Habar Awal

Cabdiraxman Aadan Cali AadanHabar Awal

Boqor Cusmaan Maxamuud BuurmadowHabar Jeclo

Siciid Diiriye – wakiil (Suldan Mustafe MaxamedHabar Jeclo

Faarax Maxamuud Maxamed – wakiil (Suldaan Cali Xirsi Axmed)Habar Jeclo


Suldaan Ibraahim Cali Suldaan Xaaji Cabdalle Ciise – wakiil-Biyamaal

Ugaas Aaden Diiriye Ibrahin –wakiil -Biyamaal

Nabaddoon Cumar Abshir CumarIsmiin -Biyamaal

Ugaas Saalax Cabdinur
Ugaas Xuseen Xaaji Cumar

Ugaas Cabdiraxmaan Xaaji Xuseen /
Ugaas Maxamed Khaliif Ibraahim

Ugaas Cabdixakiim Ugaas MaxamedBajamaal

Ugaas Maxamed Buulle JiirowWarday

Siid Axmed Sheekh Cabdullaahi Sheekh IbraahinOw Siciid
Beesha 5aad Traditional Elders List

Ugaas Aweys Xuseen HoneroMushunguli

Suldaan Maxamed Osman Orow / Ugaas Xaaji Xuseen MaxamadowHintiro

Ugaas Cali Ugaas Xasan Ugaas RaageMakanne

Imaam Cusmaan Maxamed CusmaanBanaadiri

Nabadoon Suufi Muude Cali (Bandhabow)Banaadiri

Ugaas Amiin Cali MuuminBarawaani

Ugaas Maxamed Bashiir Ugaas XasanRootis – madhibaan

Suldaan Axmed Jaamac XirsiRootis – Yibir

Faarax Gacal GuuleedRootis – tumaal

Suldaan Cabdixaliim Cabdimaalik YusufAjuuraan

Ugaas Abdulkadir Ugaas Ahmed Der / Ugaas Mohamed Ugaas CabdullaahiReer Aw Xasan

Suldaan Cabdulqaadir Cumar FaaraxCarab Saalax

Ugaas Saalax Maxamud CabdiCarab Soomaali

Ugaas Cabdi Guure Ugaas MaxamedGarjante


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